Preservation

Featured Property:

Battle Mountain Sanitarium, Hot Springs
Designated as a National Historic Landmark in July 2011.

Battle Mountain Sanitarium, Hot Springs Battle Mountain Sanitorium, Hot Springs
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The Battle Mountain Branch, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers in Hot Springs was designated a National Historic Landmark by the U.S. Department of the Interior in July 2011.A National Historic Landmark is the highest level of recognition given to significant buildings, sites and structures. The entire community of Hot Springs is also important for its sandstone buildings. This designation benefits Hot Springs as well as the state of South Dakota.

The Battle Mountain Sanitarium, as it is commonly called, was the first veterans hospital in the United States. Up to that point, the federal government only built veterans homes. Established in 1902 and opened in 1907, the Battle Mountain Sanitarium represented acknowledgement of the need for specialized medical care for veterans. The facility utilized the waters from nearby mineral springs to treat residents. The primary complex features a prominent administration center connected to an innovative hospital complex that placed wards in rectangular spokes. Hot Springs National Cemetery is also an integral part of the complex.

The Battle Mountain Sanitarium is joining 15 other National Historic Landmarks in South Dakota. The others are:
 Arzberger Archaeological Site near Pierre;
 Bear Butte near Sturgis;
 Blood Run Archaeological Site near Shindler in Lincoln County and Granite, Iowa;
 Bloom Archaeological Site near Bloom in Hanson County;
 Crow Creek Site near Chamberlain;
 Deadwood Historic District in Deadwood;
 Fort Pierre Chouteau Site near Fort Pierre;
 Fort Thompson Mounds near Fort Thompson;
 Frawley Ranch near Spearfish;
 Langdeau Archaeological Site near Lower Brule;
 Mitchell Archaeological Site near Mitchell;
 Molstad Prehistoric Village near Mobridge;
 Vanderbilt Archaeological Site near Pollock;
 Verendrye Plate Site near Fort Pierre; and
 Wounded Knee Site on Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.