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Women's History Collection

Letters, diaries, reminiscences, photographs, and organizational records bring history alive through the voices of women who participated in events as they happened. Whether it be a description of day-to-day activities on a family farm or letters which chronicle the lives of a prominent family, each is a part of our history. Donors to the State Archives are aware of the significance of women and their contributions to the history of our state, which can be seen in the increasing volume of women’s resources added to the archives collections in the past twenty years.

In addition to the collections cited here, the State Archives has many other resources in which women’s voices are found. Church records, county, city, and family histories, census records, naturalization records, school census records, the biographical file, the general photograph collection, the South Dakota Authors file, and South Dakota newspapers are some of the sources available.

Still more materials are found in other government record groups. Department of Education records documenting teacher certifications, Secretary of State photographs, Cosmetology Commission licensing records, County Mother’s Pension records, Board of Nursing records, the WPA nursery project, and the Commission on the Status of Women records all provide insight into the lives of South Dakota women.

In addition, scholars have used archives collections for a number of interesting topics devoted to women. Second generation homesteaders, women’s suffrage, the League of Women Voters, Congregational missionaries, South Dakota First Ladies, prohibition, women attorneys in South Dakota, lifestyles of pioneer women (daily duties and hygiene), and west river depression are a few of the subjects researched recently.


Aberdeen WWII Red Cross/USO Pheasant Canteen, DVD, 2013 (H2013-075) DVD

The collection consists of a DVD and magazine article on the Aberdeen WWII Red Cross/USO Pheasant Canteen in Aberdeen (S.D.). The 38 minute documentary highlights to work of the Pheasant Canteen in the Aberdeen Milwaukee Depot that served free meals, specifically their pheasant sandwiches, to over 1,500 soldiers a daily during World War II. Featured are those who served during WWII, those with fond memories of the Canteen and local area advocates of this lasting legacy project. The WWII Pheasant Canteen Team and McQuillen Creative Group, Inc. produced the documentary in 2013. Also included is the September/October 2013 issue of Aberdeen magazine featuring a story on the WWII Pheasant Canteen.

Abild, Ethel Dowdell Papers (H92-95, H92-96, H92-97) 1 cubic foot

Abild was a teacher and principal at several schools in eastern South Dakota before accepting the post of State Director of the Professional and Service Division of the Work Projects Administration, a position she held for 10 years. She was affiliated with the South Dakota Historic Writers Association, the Mitchell Art Study Club, Westerners International, and Pierre University Women. The collection is divided into three series: historical and travel manuscripts (1926-1988); personal papers (1913-1988); and musical arrangements (1961-1974).

Abbott, Hazel Belle Papers (H74-71) 13 cubic feet

Correspondence, Abbott family business records, clippings, manuscripts, research notes, and photographs, 1875-1970. Abbott was born in Bon Homme County, received her BA at Yankton College, and her Ph.D. from Columbia University. She devoted her last years to compiling a history of Bon Homme County.

Adams, Elsie Hammill Scrapbook (H82-28) 1 scrapbook

Scrapbook created by Adams, who was born in Miller in 1883, contains calling cards, paper dolls, and various other cutouts of birds and flowers.

Adams, J. C. Papers (H88-54) 30 pages

Photocopies of original letters, some of which were written by South Dakota State Senator J. C. Adams to his second wife, Irene, in Webster, 1887-1901. Topics of the letters include the greed of land speculation in Pierre and the surrounding area during opening of the Great Sioux Reservation, a visit to the Pierre Indian school that was under construction, temperance legislation, his hotel accommodations while in the capital city, and her suggestions regarding legislation for women.

Adams, Luella Frisk - Postcard (H2004-057) 1 postcard

The collection consists of a black and white postcard of Luella (Frisk) Adams, daughter of Gettysburg (S.D.) founder Gen. Lucius F. Frisk.

Alkaire, Elizabeth Scrapbooks (H76-51) 2 folders

Newspaper clippings, ca. 1934-1948 (few items relevant to South Dakota); a sale bill from 1849; some family genealogical information; and pressed flora from Sullivan County, Indiana ca. 1901.

American Association of University Women Records (H94-75, H99-051, H99-136, H2001-061, H2002-036, H2007-043) 11.5 cubic feet

Minutes, a history of the SDAAUW, branch program booklets, by-laws, policies, branch reports, committee reports, workshop materials, officer lists, project files, correspondence, membership records, Rapid City Branch Records;1927-2000, scrapbooks and newsclippings ca. 1926-2000.

American Legion Auxiliary, Hughes County #745 Records (H2003-025) 0.5 cubic feet

This collection consists of minutes, reports, scrapbooks and correspondence for the years 1971-2003.

American Legion Auxiliary, SD Dept Records (H80-6, H95-41) 11 cubic feet

History, scrapbook, yearbooks, manuals, lists of officers, South Dakota Legionette, and miscellaneous, 1921-1982. Department of South Dakota histories, 1987-1993 consisting of typewritten pages and five 5x7 color photographs of the former presidents of the organization. These records document the annual events and membership.

American Legion Auxiliary - Rockham (S.D.) (H2010-107)

The collection consists of various records of the American Legion Auxiliary—Rockham (S.D.) Unit dating from 1935 to 2009. The majority of the collection is minutes and member lists of the Rockham Auxiliary. Other items in the collection include: by-laws, cemetery lists, membership applications, list of officers, cash receipts/disbursements, brochures/pamphlets, and Unit handbooks. A box and folder list is included.

American Mothers, Inc., SD Chapter Poster (H99-148) 1 item

South Dakota Mothers Hall of Fame Poster, 1943-1989; lists names of those inducted into the South Dakota Mothers Hall of Fame.

Amundson, Helen Matilda Jacobson Papers (H96-18) 7 items

Six color photocopies of original photographs and fifteen pages of typewritten transcripts of a Jerauld County homesteading reminiscence. Included in the reminiscence are names of neighbors, stories of prairie fires and blizzards, and experiences of daily life in Dakota during the 1800s. The use of this collection is restricted to "not for profit" reproduction, publishing or exhibition.

Anderson, Carol Young Papers (H92-120, H92-121, H92-122, H2004-049, H2007-071, H2011-116) Multiple Collections

Anderson’s papers, ranging from 1940s to 1990s, document her activities in the Democratic Party, the League of Women Voters, and the 1975 United Nations proclamation of the International Women’s Year.

Anderson, Lillis E. and John E. Collection (H2014-078)

The collection consists of various items relating to Lillis and John Anderson of Pierre (S.D.). Lillis (Lee) Anderson was born July 5, 1894 at Owatonna, MN to Herman and Mary (Richter) Lee. She grew up in Owatonna and went to college at both Aberdeen (S.D.) and Madison (S.D.). After earning her teaching certificate in 1915, she taught at Rousseau (S.D.) in Hughes County. She married John Anderson on July 14, 1919 at Hot Springs (S.D.) and the couple moved to Pierre where they raised three children. She worked for the South Dakota Legislature for many years and for Hughes County. She was also a member of the Veterans of Foreign Wars and American Legion auxiliaries. She died on March 12, 1992. Box 6473 includes a sample ballot from the South Dakota election of November 2, 1958, a “South Dakota Pioneer Certificate” for the Anderson family dated 1988, a letter dated February 12 1972 to Lillis Anderson from South Dakota Speaker of the House Don Osheim, a 1974 official directory and rules of South Dakota Senate and House of Representatives, two postcards of the State Capitol, one postcard of a State Fireman’s Convention parade in Pierre, one photo of a Texaco station near the State Capitol and one photograph showing a leather couch in the interior of the State Capitol rotunda area. Most of the images date to the late 1930s to early 1940s. Map drawer 116 folder 5 holds a (17x23) map of a public auction sale of government lots in northwestern Pierre on March 27, 1959. Flat box 649 contains a (10x14) black and white photo of Governor Joe Foss at his desk with Lillis Anderson to the far right. The other women in the photo are members of the Veterans of Foreign Wars Auxiliary. Also in the box are photocopied homestead documents for the Anderson family land in South Dakota, a state marriage certificate and religious marriage certificate for Lillis and John Anderson from July 1919. The box also contains a 152 page volume titled “Mailing Room Legislative, 1965-40th Session,” naming Suzanne Pries as Chief Mailing Clerk. The volume lists the legislators from 1965 (House and Senate) and what is assumed to be mailing costs. Parts of the volume were used as a scrapbook and some pages have news clippings affixed to them.

Anding, Lizzette Teacher’s Certificate (H76-40) 1 item

Teacher's certificate issued by the Dakota Territory Department of Education in 1883 certifying that Anding attended State Normal School at Winona, Minnesota.

Andresen, Mera Papers (H94-27) 2 items

Consists of a University of South Dakota Alumni Association Certificate issued to Mrs. Andresen in 1969 celebrating the class of 1919’s 50th year reunion, and a class reunion picture.

Anthony, Susan B. Letter (H86-22) 1 item

Letter to Mrs. L. E. Wimans of Highmore, South Dakota, December 21, 1897, describing problems of the day and the women’s suffrage movement.

Ault, Barbara Family Letters (H88-5) 2 folders, 40-50 pages

Letters written to Barbara Ault of Monroe, Wisconsin, by her aunt, Catherine Shrake, and her nieces, Maggie and May Shrake, 1884-1891. The letters describe pioneer life in Brule County. Ault’s son transcribed the letters and provided notes, editorial comments, and family history. The Shrakes seemed to have prospered in Dakota, as the general tone of the letters is positive.

Aurora-Brule Porkettes Club Records (H97-22, H99-061) 1.1 cubic ft.

Three scrapbooks containing club memorabilia, 1989-1991; newspaper articles, photographs, and the club by-laws. This club is an affiliate of the South Dakota Pork Council Women, an affiliate of the National Pork Council, a group which promotes pork production in the United States.

Austin, Guy Warren Papers (H95-21) 13 cubic ft.

Family photographs and genealogical research materials ranging from the 1800s to 1978 documenting the Hurd and Austin families. Photographs include portraits, families, and leisure actives. Extensive family group sheets, pedigree charts, and background material provide a detailed account of this Madison man’s lineage.

Autograph Book Collection - McCook County (H2008-081) Two autograph books

The collection consists of two autograph books dating to the 1890s of Lizzie L. Turner and Laura E. Riddle. Lizzie Turner lived in Salem, SD. Lizzie’s book contains signatures of family and friends who lived in or near Salem and McCook County along with relatives from Minnesota and Iowa. A number of signatures are also signed, “your schoolmate.” A signature from her brother Hewitt Turner is dated December 15, 1891. Laura’s autograph book states that the book was given as a Christmas gift while she lived in Forestville, MN. Lizzie Turner and her parents Polk Turner and Emma (Riddle) Turner are in Laura’s book. According to Laura’s book, Emma and Laura are sisters. The cover of Lizzie’s scrapbook is blue and contains a number of decorative flower cutouts. Laura’s autograph book cover is faded orange.

Axtman, Carol (Davis) Collection (H2012-051) High School Scrapbooks

The collection consists of three scrapbooks, yearbooks, school publications, and photographs of Carol (Davis) Axtman who attended high school at Columbia (S.D.). As a whole, the collection offers excellent insight into high school life and activities in the early 1950s. The first and a smallest scrapbook has a red cover and includes information on the Aberdeen Pheasants (Baseball Team), eight grade graduation, Northern State University band clinic; basketball news clippings, photographs, and tournament programs; and music recital programs. The second scrapbook has a black cover and includes topics such as the State B Boys Basketball Tournament, 4-H, photographs, news clippings, Aberdeen Pheasants (Baseball Team), play programs, basketball tournament news clippings, declamatory contest programs, athletic banquets, graduation programs, and various ephemera. The third scrapbook also has a red cover and includes information on South Dakota Girls State, news clippings, certificates, Sacajawea Scroll (Girls State publication), play programs, declamatory contest programs, play programs; basketball schedules, programs, news clippings, tournaments; High School graduation, cards, and various ephemera. The collection also contains two photo albums. The first album has a red cover and the word “Snaps” on the cover. The album includes photographs of various Columbia High School proms from the early 1950s. The second photo album cover has the work “Snapshots” on the cover featuring a hand painted Native American in a canoe on a river. “Pierre, S. Dak.” is stamped on the cover. The photo album includes photographs from Davis family vacations and high school trips. Included are fishing and camping scenes and 4-H camp at Richmond Lake. Black Hills images including Ben Black Elk, Mount Rushmore, Spearfish Canyon, Calamity Jane’s gravesite, and Dinosaur Park. Also included are photos of a Congregational Church camp at Lake Kampeska, a band trip, and Girls State photos at Dakota Wesleyan University. The collection also contains a publication “The Comet” printed monthly by the students of Columbia High School dating from November 1953 to May 1955. Five yearbooks for Columbia High School, “The Comet,” are also included from 1953-1957. Finally, the collection includes a number of black and white photos featuring high school men and women’s basketball teams and cheerleaders. The collection also includes three digital images of the Columbia High School basketball team. Those images are saved on the State Archives N: drive.


Babcock, Cora D Reminiscence (H75-48)

A succinct account of five years, 1880-1885, of homesteading near Mitchell by a lone woman.

Bangs, Eva Audio Recordings (H76-98) 2 items

Audio cassettes of Mrs. Eva H. Bangs with her niece Miriam Arozena, October 1974, describing life in Rapid City and her family.

Bean, Mrs. Frank C. Letters (H75-403) 6 letters

Six letters, written in 1877 and 1878, relating to the death of Mrs. Bean’s husband, a freighter traveling between Yankton, Fort Pierre, and the Black Hills. The proprietors of the Grand Central Hotel in Fort Pierre wrote to Mrs. Bean advising her that her husband was gravely ill, and a month later he died. The letters pertain to Mr. Bean’s freighting team and to settling debts incurred during his illness.

Bedford, Nell (Crow) - Reminiscence - Blizzard of 1888. (H2013-085)

The collection consists of scans of a three-page reminiscence written by Nell (Crow) Bedford titled, “A Childhood Experience.” According to the document, Nell wrote the reminiscence in April of 1966 shortly after her 85th birthday. Born in Iowa, Nell at age two came with her family to Dakota Territory in the fall of 1883 and homesteaded near Wessington Springs (S.D.). She was the daughter of Marquis de Lafayette Crow and Sarah Ella (Lowry) Crow. The majority of the reminiscence details the blizzard of January 1888 when Nell was at school with her brothers. The family returned to Iowa in 1890. The three documents were scanned as 300 resolution .jpg files comprising 5.6MB. Color copies of the letter were placed with the accession file. The scans are saved in the N:\Archives\Digital Collections\Accessioned files. The donor retained the original letters.

Belknap, Anna Letter (H76-3) 1 item

Letter describing family activities written in 1888 by Rapid City resident Anna Belknap, to her cousin, Clark Belknap in Auburn, Iowa. Clark was 11 1/2 years old when he received the letter, and Anna’s age is not known.

Benson, Hazel Manuscript (H88-31) 1 item

This two-page manuscript, written ca. 1950 and entitled "Things My Grandma Told Me," consists of stories told to Benson by her grandmother which describe life in 19th-century South Dakota and Minnesota. Dates and precise locations are poorly supplied. The South Dakota portion of the recollections may have occurred in or near the town of Harrison in Douglas County.

Berry, G. Cleve Family Photographs (H92-22) approximately 400 items

Ranging from 1914 through 1945, this collection consists of 35mm negatives of original photographs retained by the Berry family. G. Cleve Berry, brother of South Dakota Governor Tom Berry, and his wife Jessie Iddings located on a ranch 24 miles west of White River in 1914. These photographs provide an excellent view of the Berry family, ranching and West river geography during a time period which is not yet extensively documented. Any reproduction, other than photocopies, must be approved by the Berry family.

Bettelyoun, Susan Bordeaux Papers (H92-11) 1 microfilm reel

Microfilm edition of original papers held by the Nebraska State Historical Society. Susan Bordeaux was born in 1857 to fur trader James Bordeaux and Huntkalutawin, a Brule Lakota woman. She grew up near Fort Laramie, Wyoming and was educated at Hamburg, Iowa. In her final years she lived at the Old Soldiers Home at Hot Springs, South Dakota. Here she met Josephine Waggoner, a Hunkpapa Lakota also of mixed-descent, who assisted Bordeaux in producing the manuscripts in this collection during the 1930s and early 1940s. Waggoner was interested in collecting the stories of "old timers," and Bettelyoun, though unable to write due to rheumatism, wanted to correct what she saw as the flawed and incomplete white history of the west.

Bing, Jane Collection (H2011-099)

The collection consists of letters and news clippings collected by the mother of Jane Elizabeth Bing. Jane was born April 23, 1926 to John and Elizabeth Bing at St. Luke’s hospital in Aberdeen (S.D.). Jane graduated from Aberdeen Central High School in 1941 and took her nurses training at St. Luke’s hospital graduating in 1944. She was sworn into the Army Nurses Corp and took six weeks of basic training at Camp Carson (CO). She later transferred to Fort Riley (KS) for more training. She left the states on November 5, 1944 for overseas assignment as an evacuation nurse in England, Germany, and France. After the war, she worked at St. John’s hospital in Springfield (IL) and on August 28, 1949 married George Edwin Gray in Wheaton (IL). Jane died of a tubal pregnancy in 1950. There are almost one hundred letters in the collection, dating from December 1944 to March 1946. The letters and envelopes were removed from the scrapbook (the letters were stapled to the scrapbook), clipped together with plastic paperclips, and put into acid free folders. Photocopies of the scrapbook, in its entirety, were made before the letters were removed and will be placed with the collection.

Bishop, Mrs. E.M. Papers (H74-133) 8 cubic feet

Letters, household and livestock account books, art work, scrapbooks, writings, and photographs created or collected by Bishop, ca. 1891-1938. Edna Sturtevant Bishop wrote poetry and short stories, some of which were published by magazines of the time. She also wrote for the Huron newspaper. The Bishops lived in Huron before moving to Fort Pierre in 1927. Letters between Edna and her husband Karl document economic hardships experienced by the family during the Depression. Other letters in the collection reveal Edna’s difficult relationship with her mother and relationships of the Bishop children, Allen and Mary Jane.

Blacksmith, Mabel Collection (H2006-038) 0.1 cubic feet

The collection consists of information including letters, correspondence, and receipts of Mrs. Mabel (Frazier) Blacksmith of Huron, SD. She married Raymond Blacksmith in June of 1938. The collection includes two letters from her son Walter, written in Idaho during WWII. There are also two letters from her son Bud. There is also a letter from the Office of Indian Affairs and form the Charles Mix County Clerk of Courts listing the births of her children. There is also an obituary for Leonard Blacksmith who died during WWII from wounds sustained during the Normandy invasion. A second folder contains miscellaneous materials including a report card for Sandra Powers, Huron Public School, 1950/ Constitution and By-Laws of the Yankton Sioux Tribe/ Congressional Record concerning the Bureau of Indian Affairs/ small program for the funeral of Lyle William Poitras of Timber lake, SD killed April 23, 1944.

Blair, John Photographs (H96-45) approximately 220 items

188 glass plate negatives, 28 photographs, and several documents, ca. 1880-1919, 1940s. Blair was a photographer around Andrus in Bon Homme County. Included are numerous family and individual portraits as well as pictures of farm and leisure activities.

Blake, Laura Letter (H74-147) 1 letter

A single-page letter from Laura Blake of Pierre, to Mrs. J. W. DuBois of Oahe, South Dakota in 1924. Blake is accepting a position in the school.

Borglum, Emma Vignal Manuscript (H75-71) 1 item

A copy of an original manuscript in the custody of the Library of Congress in which Borglum describes a four month stay at Crow Creek Indian Reservation, 1899. Emma was the wife of sculptor, Solon Borglum.

Bos, Josephine F. S. Music Manuscripts (H96-39) 2 items

Handwritten music manuscripts entitled "A Lullaby" and "Baby’s Pony," undated. Lyrics are by Josephine F. S. Bos and music is by G. van der Wal. Bos was a graduate of Pierre High School in 1924.

Bower Family Papers (H91-78 and H97-12) 3 items

Photograph of the original Family Band, including Sidney, Nettie, Lulu, Rose, Mayo, Alice (Od), Father, Mother, Laura, and Quinnie Bower and a print of the cast of characters in Walt Disney’s 1968 production titled, The One and Only, Genuine, Original Family Band. Disney’s film was based on the book, The Family Band, written by Laura Bower Van Nuys, which detailed the Bower’s life in early Dakota. A later addition to this collection includes sheet music entitled, "My Little Boy’s Eyes," 1929, with words and music by Laura Bower Van Nuys.

Boyd, John Family Photographs (H96-22) 6 photograph albums

Photographs documenting three generations of a Lakota family of mixed descent from the Rosebud Reservation, ca. 1920-1990 (bulk 1940s and 1950s).

Breeden, Jane Rooker Papers (H74-22) 1 cubic feet

Correspondence, notes, manuscripts, and other papers relating to the woman suffrage and temperance movements in South Dakota and Illinois, 1870-1922.

Brennan, John R. Family Papers (H72-2) 2 cubic feet

The bulk of this collection dates from the period 1900-1917 when Major Brennan was Superintendent of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. Material from the years previous to 1900 is from the Brennans' residence and business (Hotel Harney) in Rapid City. Items dating after Major Brennan's death in 1919 were collected by his wife, Jennie L. Brennan, and his family. Many family photographs.

Brennan, Pearl (Wood) Collection (H2008-035) 6 scrapbooks

The collection consists of six (6) scrapbooks, photos, letters, and other information on Pearl (Wood) Brannan. Pearl Wood was born on November 2, 1918 in Fargo, ND. She grew up in Sioux Falls, SD. Several images in her scrapbooks are of Sioux Falls. In 1940, she graduated from Sioux Valley School of Nursing and later joined the Army Nurses Corps during World War II. Her scrapbooks have images of her time while stationed at Fort Snelling, MN and Fort Richardson, Alaska. She was a nurse for 45 years. On May 2, 1951 she married Lester F. Brannan in Tucson, AZ. They moved to Rapid City in 1959. She was an office nurse for Dr. A. A. Lampert of Rapid City and retired in 1983. She died on November 14, 1992 and is buried with her husband at Black Hills National Cemetery near Sturgis.

Brunett, Betty Marie Olson Collection (H2008-094) Photographs

The collection consists of 10 black and white photographs of various Pierre students dressed up and depicting certain skits from a play. The photos are dated to 1936. Individuals listed on the back of the photos include: Dorothy Barlow, Bob Galimore, Paty Porter, Dorothy DuBois, Darrow Warren, Harrold Chandler, Frances Parsons, Ken Kreiger, Dick McNeal, James Bowen, Bob Borns, Lewis Harding, Kenneth Williams, Anitea Carlson, Clifford Laird, George Washburn, Harrold Grey, and Margorie Hoffman. Also included is a booklet of four black and white photos that are not identified, and may or may not be South Dakota images.

Brunick Family Reminiscence, Laketon Township, Brookings County (H2013-057)

The collection consists of a four-page (front and back) reminiscence written by Bertha (Brunick) Henrikson. Bertha Brunick was born November 15, 1877 to Anton and Oliva (Larsdatter) Brunick and was believed to be the first white child born in Laketon Township, Brookings County. Her parents settled near Lake Poinsett in 1876 in a sod house on the place later known as the Methodist Camp. Bertha passed away in October of 1964 at the age of 86. The handwritten reminiscence describes Anton and Oliva’s settlement in the township, a fishing business started with a local family, the story of how Anton lost part of his leg, homesteading near the Lake Albert and Lake Poinsett area and social interaction with the surrounding neighbors.

Burke, Charles H. Family Papers (H86-16) 1/3 cubic foot relates to Burke’s daughter, Josephine.

Correspondence, diary, scrapbooks, newspaper clippings, genealogical records, and family photographs, 1808-1980.

Burnett, Elizabeth C. Manuscript (H74-98) 68 typewritten pages

A manuscript entitled "History of the Red Cross Seal Commission of South Dakota--South Dakota Association--The South Dakota Tuberculosis Association." The manuscript was compiled by Elizabeth C. Burnett, with the assistance of Elizabeth M. Palmer, and covers the period from 1913 through 1939.

Burroughs, Luella Clara Collection (H2010-103)

The collection consists of four photo albums and a copy of the Dakota Wesleyan University (Mitchell, S.D.) annual the Tumbleweed from 1917. There are two photo albums in FB 611. The first is of World War I camp images of Luella’s father George Zeal. The World War I era images are of Camp Funston in Kansas. Also included are images of Luella’s parents George and Clara as well as images of Luella when she was a child along with other family members. It is assumed that some of the images are of the Plankinton (S.D.) area. Also included is an excellent image of the Plankinton Fire Company taken in 1922. The photo album images are dated to the late 1910s to early 1920s. The second photo album (with roses on the cover) in FB 611 includes family vacation images of Minnesota and Wisconsin, dated to the early 1950s. Included is one postcard of the church at Fort Randall and images of bridges at Chamberlain (S.D.) presumably during the flood of 1952. Flat Box 589 contains two photo albums. The first photo album includes images of Luella and college friends while attending St. Olaf’s College in Northfield (MN). The album includes a number of images of the campus and various college activities. Luella graduated from St. Olaf’s in 1941. The second photo album contains vacation images of the Black Hills and Badlands. Other specific photos include the South Dakota School of Mines (Rapid City, S.D.), Custer (S.D.), Needles Highway, Sylvan Lake, Fish Hatchery (Spearfish, S.D.), SD State Capitol (Pierre, S.D.), Spearfish Canyon, and Harney Peak. The 1917 issues of the Tumbleweed from Dakota Wesleyan University includes images of Luella’s mother Clara Tritle as a member of the Senior class and involved in various organizations. The yearbook is in box 3521A.

Business and Professional Women—South Dakota, Pierre/Fort Pierre (H2005-090, H2006-034, H2008-019)

Photograph of the Business and Professional Women’s Club of Pierre taken May 26, 1930. The collection consists of agendas, newsletters, programs, minutes, and members lists for the Pierre/Ft. Pierre chapter of the Business and Professional Women’s Club. The material dates from 1993 to 2002. The materials were removed from a three ring binder, but kept in their original order.

Byrne, Frank M. Family Papers (H92-98) 1 linear inch

This collection, largely photographs, relates to South Dakota Governor Byrne and his family.


Capitol Club Records (H76-14, H90-031, H91-004, H91-046, H98-007, H2000-003, H2002-053, H2003-009, H2003-055, H2005-067, H2013-090) 8 cubic feet

Records of a social organization for the spouses of state legislators. The records consist of a history of the club; minutes; membership records, including a roster and directories; and scrapbooks, 1937-2003.

Carey, Dan and Nellie (Fuller) Collection (H2014-051)

The collection consists of a photograph and reminiscence relating to the families of Dan and Nellie (Fuller) Carey. Born in Spring Valley (MN), Nellie Fuller moved with her family to Chamberlain (S.D.) in 1881. The family would later move to Salem (S.D.) in 1891. Daniel Carey, born in Eden (WI) came to McCook County in 1883 and held various railroad jobs. The two met in Salem and were married on July 27, 1892. The photograph is of the first United States Grand Jury—District of South Dakota taken at Sioux Falls in April 1890. The photographs show twenty men, all of which are identified on the reverse of the photo. Mr. Dan Carey from Salem is noted on the front of the image. The edges of the photo are severely damaged and tape was previously used on parts of the photo. The photo was removed from the frame, put in a Mylar sleeve and folder and placed in a flat box. The other parts of the collection include a reminiscence of Nellie (Fuller) Carey of her family’s time in Chamberlain ca. 1880s and a family history of the Dan Carey family. The thirty-page reminiscence by Nellie gives some background to Nellie’s parents, their trip to Chamberlain and the towns early history. The manuscript includes entries on homesteading, railroads, Native Americans, winters, early Crow Creek and Lower Brule Indian Reservation history, Catholic Church development on the reservation and Chamberlain’s early development. Nellie’s father was a newspaper publisher in Chamberlain and later took over a carpenters shop at Lower Brule teaching and training Native Americans. The family moved to Salem where Nellie met Daniel Carey. The manuscript finishes with some history of Nellie and Daniel’s children. Nellie wrote the reminiscence in the early to mid-1940s. The Dan Carey manuscript comprises a twenty-three page typed history. The history includes write-ups on both Daniel and Nellie, their families, their meeting and marriage in Salem in July 1892, their children and time in Salem. A news clipping from Dan and Nellie’s 50th wedding anniversary is also included.

Carson, Bird (Pickering) Collection (H2012-041) 53 digital images

The collection consists of fifty three images burned onto a CD disk. Bird (Pickering) Carson took the photos from between 1900 to 1912. Mrs. Carson was married to John F. Carson who worked for the Bureau of Indian Affairs as a teacher on the Cheyenne River Indian Reservation at Cherry Creek (S.D.) from approximately 1890 to 1920. The photos show a number of Native Americans along with Carson family members and other images taken from the area. The images are saved as 300 dpi resolution .tiff files. The files will be added to the N:/Archives/Digital Collections folder as well as a disk in box 3749E. A list of the named files is included.

Carter, Myrtle Diaries (SC 47, MF 23) 2 items, 200 pages

Diaries of a McPherson County school girl, 1887 and 1891. Myrtle kept the diaries while attending school at Eureka. The entries are personal and often brief, but provide a good illustration of the social life of a young woman.

Chamberlain, Fern - "Memories of Welfare in South Dakota" (H2007-019) 1 manuscript

The collection consists of one loose bound copy of “Memories of Welfare in South Dakota,” by Fern Chamberlain. Fern Chamberlain was Chief of Research and Statistics at the South Dakota Department of Public Welfare from 1937 to 1966. The reminiscence covers Fern’s work in South Dakota to help those in need in the state of South Dakota. Photocopies of press releases concerning Fern will also be placed with the collection.

Chamberlain Register Newspaper Office Photograph (H94-51) 1 item

Photograph of the press room marked, "Aunt Ruth (Ruth Esther Griswold Prather) and Minnie Gray set the type by hand." The image is signed "Grace Theo Lawless."

Chaney, Sara (Mrs. Abel G.) Correspondence, 1895-1917 (H2015-059)

The collection consists of 292 letters sent to Sara (Mrs. A.G.) Chaney of Armour (S.D.) from 1895 to 1917 with the majority of the letters dating from 1910 to 1914. The letters are mainly from her children, with a few letters coming from her husband, grandchildren and other friends and family members. Of particular interest are 76 letters from her daughter Florence who attended the Ward Academy (Academy, S.D.) with correspondence from 1909-1910. Further processing will be required to better identify the bulk of the collection. Sara Ann Jackson was born on June 26, 1851 near Portage City (WI). She married Abel G. Chaney in Wisconsin on June 30, 1870. They later homestead near Ashton (IA) with their children Amy, Hattie, Carl and Daisy. In April of 1886 they moved to Dakota Territory where another daughter, Florence was born in 1890. The family lived eight miles west and one mile north of Armour. Sara died on January 7, 1940 in Armour (S.D.).

Chestnut, Lottie Letter (H95-30) 1 item

Letter written to Lottie from her friend Vera, ca. 1908, containing a good description of a sod shanty.

Christian, Leola Manuscript (H74-124) 1 item

A fifteen page typewritten manuscript entitled "History of the South Dakota Branch of the International Order of the King’s Daughters and Sons, Years 1922 to 1961." Aberdeen resident Leola Christian was the branch historian.

Church Women United of South Dakota Records (H97-15 & H2006-121) 4 cubic feet

Subject files, newsletters, and scrapbooks, 1947-1992. Church Women United is a national, ecumenical movement that brings Protestant, Roman Catholic, Orthodox and other Christian women together into one community of prayer, advocacy and service.

Clark, Elizabeth Collection (H2007-020) 2 audio tapes

The collection consists of two audio tapes with an interview between Merrie Miller and Elizabeth Clark around 1975. Elizabeth Clark was a wife to an Episcopal Missionary to Native Americans on the Rosebud Indian Reservation. Merrie performed the interview in the Capitol Building as an employee with the Department of Education and Cultural Affairs. The interview includes her husband’s life on the reservation, Elizabeth’s views of Indian education and a museum at Fort Thompson. Elizabeth also mentions a number of Native American and whites family names that lived on the reservation.

Collins, Mary Clementine Papers (H80-14, H94-14, H2006-023) 4 cubic feet

Collins was a prominent female Congregational missionary to the Lakota between 1875 and 1910. The personal papers contain genealogical material, Collins’ autobiography in her own hand, ordination papers, her will, and a certificate appointing her postmaster. The correspondence is most extensive for the 1880s and 1900s. Most of it is family and mission-related. Prominent correspondents are the American Missionary Association, the Department of the Interior (Indian Service), and the Indian Rights Association. Voluminous writings by Collins, in both English and Dakota, can be found under "Mission Work and Indians." Many photographs and pictographic drawings are also part of this collection. The material on Elias and Ethel Jacobsen consists of Ethel’s correspondence with her family, 1887-1898, 1933, 1937, some writings, and a sporadic diary; and Elias’s diaries for 1875-1885. Ethel Collins Jacobsen was a niece of Mary Collins. Also includes an account book for the Elk Butte Women’s Society, pamphlets, photographs, an American Missionary Association Indian Missions record book and a list of Indian names with their English translations.

Connor, T. Belle Manuscript (H75-179) 1 item, 9 typed pages

"Pioneers of Clay County: Historical Pageant of Pioneer Life in Clay County," 1937.

Coolidge, Grace (H74-138) 1 item

Letter, 1954. One signed typescript letter from Grace (Mrs. Calvin) Coolidge to Harry A. Robinson of Yankton. Mrs. Coolidge discusses a piece of sculpture done by Gutzon Borglum, and her memories of experiences in the Black Hills.

Coonrod, Carolyn Collection (H2012-042) Savings Account Booklet

The collection consists of one green savings account booklet belonging to Carolyn Coonrod from the Belvidere State Bank (Kadoka, S.D.). The account was open from September 1967 to December 1986. Before the advent of computers, these booklets were used by patrons to monitor their savings account. The booklets tracked the deposits, withdrawals, interest, and balance of the account. The Belvidere State Bank (Belvidere, S.D.) organized in 1907. Leonard A. Pier became bank president in 1919 and in November of 1948 opened a branch office in Kadoka and in 1961 it became a branch bank. Both the Belvidere and Kadoka banks were bought by the Pierre National Bank (Pierre, S.D.) which later became BankWest.

Cordts, Irene A. Manuscript (H88-61, H2008-046, H2012-107, H2013-070) Multiple Collections

"A Lifetime of Caring and Sharing: Abbie Ann Jarvis, MD," 1988. The collection consists of photographs taken by Irene Cordts. The collection contains color photographs, mostly 4x6s, taken by Irene throughout South Dakota. A majority of the images are of Faulk County and date to the 1980s. There are also a number of South Dakota Centennial images from 1989 and a number church photos. The photos are labeled on the back, explaining the image and the date the photo was taken. The photos are listed in the following box locations 8531B and FB 632.

Corey, Elizabeth F Letters (H75-80, H2008-010) 1 cubic foot

Letters from Corey to her family, 1909-1919. The letters detail her day to day experiences for the ten year period following 1909 on or near her homestead on the Bad River, ten miles west of Ft. Pierre. These letters were the primary source material for "Bachelor Bess," an article written by her younger brother, Paul F. Corey, and published in 1974 in the South Dakota Historical Collections.

Cotter, Alice - "Recollections of a Dakota Daughter of Pioneers" - Manuscript (H2015-042)

The collection consists of one manuscript titled, "Recollections of a Dakota Daughter of Pioneers” written by Alice Cotter and completed in June of 1986. The manuscript offers various stories of Alice, her family members and family trips. Alice’s parents came to Dakota Territory in the 1880s and settled on land along the Missouri River in Clay County south of Vermillion. The family later moved to Vermillion in 1900. There are three chapters to the work titled, “My Parents and Pioneers,” “Other Recollections” and “My Own Family.” Alice (Walker) Cotter was born October 17, 1894 at Vermillion (S.D.) to Thomas and Sara (Harris) Walker. Her parents hailed from Oneida County, New York coming to South Dakota in the 1880s. She received her early education at Vermillion and graduated from the high school there. Alice received a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of South Dakota, majoring in home economics and later became a teacher. She married John Cotter in January of 1922 at Vermillion. She died September 12, 1994 in Urbana (IL).

Culver, Rhoda Selway Diary (H89-1) 1 item

Travel diary of trip from western South Dakota to eastern Iowa by wagon and team, 1901.

Custer, Elizabeth B. Letters (H77-4) 10 items

Photocopies of Elizabeth Custer’s letters to Lawrence Fox, 1927-1928, are in reference to her husband, General George Armstrong Custer, and his life in South Dakota. On the 50th anniversary of the Battle of the Little Big Horn in 1876, Mrs. Custer writes of the battle; her reverence for her husband and his troops, the 7th Cavalry; and her beliefs about why the event occurred.


Dahlin, Sherry Photograph (H88-92) 6 items

Photograph of Mrs. South Dakota contestant in costume she made using pheasant feathers, 1988.

Dalzell, Lucille (Wipf) Collection (H2013-026)

The collection consists of one letter and two photographs donated by Lucille (Wipf) Dalzell. Lucille Wipf, a 1949 graduate of Emery High School, had done missionary work in Japan from 1960 to 1996. In 1968, South Dakota Governor Nils Boe visited Japan for a Governor’s Conference. While in Japan, Lucille met the Governor and took a photo of him while at the Ujiyamada train station in Japan. Governor Boe, after returning to South Dakota, wrote a letter to Lucille’s parents noting his visit with Lucille in Japan. The collection includes the Boe letter and photo. Also included is a 1965 photograph, taken at Lucille’s parents’ home in Madison, of Lucille with Hisashi and Nobuko Murakami. Lucille played the organ for the couple during their wedding in Japan. A July 28, 1994 news clipping from the Emery Enterprise detailing Lucille’s missionary work is included with the accession paperwork. A photocopy was placed with the collection.

Daughters of the American Revolution, South Dakota Chapter Records (H74-80, H93-94 through H93- 99, H2004-016) 2/3 cubic feet

Proceedings of the annual conference, 1920-1946; yearbooks, 1925-1976; programs, pamphlets, and citizenship manual, 1912-1970; and genealogical material, 1939. Records of the following clubs: Pierre (1925-1937); Redfield (1923-1943); Watertown (1912-1975); Rapid City (1939-1970); Mitchell (1930-1973); and Madison (1917-1958). Records include membership applications, meeting minutes, chapter histories, scrapbooks, photographs, club by-laws, financial records, original charters, regents reports, and honor roll certificates.

Deloria, Ella C. Manuscript (H75-271) 202 typewritten pages

The January 1954 edition of the South Dakota State Historical Society publication, The Wi-iyohi, announces a forthcoming book written by "Miss Deloria, of the famous Indian family." This collection consists of an undated and untitled 202-page carbon copy of a manuscript on the Dakota, primarily Teton, Indian culture, researched and written by Deloria, a Dakota woman of mixed descent. It is the first part of a final draft of a 392-page first draft version in the Ella Deloria Papers at the Dakota Indian Foundation in Chamberlain, SD. The location of the remaining pages of this final draft of the manuscript is unknown.

Deming, Marguerite Manuscript (H75-128) 6 typewritten pages

"Pioneer Life in Jackson County, South Dakota," by Marguerite Deming Spearman. Description of homesteading in 1899, life in a sod shanty, pioneer schooling, a prairie fire, and Indian tales.

Diary, Unknown Author (H74-131) 1 item

Diary kept by a Fort Pierre woman during 1943. Names mentioned in the diary include Lotta Haas, Leah Hays Heaton, Mrs. Preston, Cpl. Bernard C. Preston, William Price, and Mrs. Bloom. The diary is completely personal, with little information other than daily routines.

Dickens Club of Pierre Records (H74-5, H96-40) 1/3 cubic feet

Papers, critics' reports, minutes, books, season programs, 1890-1956, photograph of "Dickens Costume Party," December 16, 1946.

Doering, Ottilie Collection (H2012-049)

The collection consists of letters (correspondence) collected by Mrs. Edward R. (Ottilie) Doering of Parkston (S.D.) as they relate to her work and relationship with the South Dakota Republican Party. Ottilie Koenig was born October 23, 1895 in Parkston (S.D.). She attended college at Northern State College and Montana State College. She married her husband Dr. E.R. Doering on June 17, 1922. They moved to Sioux Falls in 1940. Mrs. Doering served as vice president of the South Dakota Republican Party from 1935-37 and was secretary of the South Dakota Board of Regents from 1939 to 1947. The correspondence dates from the 1930s-1950s. Also included are various speeches, presumably given by Mrs. Doering at various Republican Party functions. A number of speeches deal with women and their relation to politics in the late 1930s. Individuals in the letters include Karl Mundt, Francis Case, Governor Harlan Bushfield, Chan Gurney (Gurney Seed), Gladys Pyle, and J.D. Coon (Republican State Chairman). Also included are a number of Black Hills images from 1923. Images include Twin Buttes, Needles, Sylvan Lake, Mount Roosevelt, west Rapid City, Crystal Cave road. Other photos are of the Missouri River, James River, and Oacoma Road.

Drake, Emilia Stoner Family Papers (H74-26) 2 folders, 1 scrapbook

Papers of Emilia Stoner Drake and her family of Woonsocket, South Dakota, 1890-1917. Mrs. Drake’s sister, Lulu, was married to Samuel A. Ramsey, a prominent South Dakota attorney. In 1892, he was the Democratic candidate for Lieutenant Governor, and the collection includes a scrapbook of the clippings and broadsides from this campaign. Some of the correspondence and papers deal with the land owned by Mrs. Drake in Indiana and Wyoming, and Mr. Ramsey acted as her attorney in these matters. Other letters are from family members. One set in particular relates to the grave of baby Emelia Jane Stoner. Another relative, Minnie Stoner, is represented in the collection by address books and bank books.

Dubel, Zelda Zeuge Collection (H2001-035) 2.5 cubic feet

Genealogical letters from the Toedt, Brehe, and Weischedel families, primarily from the Sully County area (1965-1997).

Duchnaux-Lecompte Marriage Certificate (SC 7) 1 item

Marriage certificate of Napoleon Duchnaux and Sophie Lecompte, 1867. Both were Dakota of mixed descent.


Eldredge, Lucile Papers (H85-80, H88-71, H95-24) 1 cubic foot

Photographs of Mrs. Henry Ash, Crook City, Dakota Territory, 1876 and her daughter, Annie Ash Eldredge, ca. 1880, and two autograph books belonging to Annie Ash Eldridge. Ben Ash was a member of the first group of White men to illegally enter the Black Hills in 1876. Also includes letters, photographs, postcards, and newspaper clippings relating to the early history of the Black Hills area, especially Crook City. The letters, written in 1941, were to Annie Eldredge, who was writing a history of the Crook City area, and collected recollections of life in the area during the 1800s


Forsythe, Katherine Collection (H2010-070)

The collection consists of one autograph album of Katherine Forsythe. The album was given to her by her teacher Joseph Ihli on December 24, 1896. Katherine was born in 1881 making her around 15 years of age at the time she received the album. Katherine lived in Sully County and a number of autographs from family, friends, and acquaintances were from locations in the surrounding area such as Fielder (S.D.), Fort Sully (S.D.), DeGrey (S.D.), Harrold (S.D.), Okobojo (S.D.), and Blunt (S.D.) as well as locations outside of South Dakota. The album is bound and has a cloth covering.

Future Homemakers of America (Sully Buttes Chapter) (H2011-070)

The collection consists of one scrapbook, mainly of photographs and news clippings, of the Sully Buttes High School Future Homemakers of America dating from 1980-1997. Future Homemakers of America (FHA) is a national organization for home economics students in the secondary schools. The national organization was founded in June 11, 1945. The scrapbook includes photographs and news clippings of FHA members with information on FHA week as well as local and state competitions.


Gage, Matilda Electa Joslyn Papers (MF 46) 1 microfilm reel

Microfilm copies of papers belonging to woman suffrage activist Matilda Gage, 1870-1970. The collection contains correspondence, woman suffrage materials, information on Susan B. Anthony, newspaper clippings, and a biography of Mrs. Gage. These papers were microfilmed by the South Dakota Commission on the Status of Women prior to their donation to the Schlesinger Library at Radcliffe College.

Gage, Matilda Jewell Family Papers (H97-52) 14 cubic feet

Letters, photographs, financial records, scrapbooks, and subject files for the period 1876 through 1986. Included are Aberdeen historical items as well as the papers of her father, Aberdeen pioneer (1881) T. Clarkson Gage and her mother, Sophie Jewell Gage. Her unmarried cousin, Leslie Gage, will her papers to Matilda and they are also included, along with some papers of Leslie’s mother, Helen Leslie Gage. Gage, the granddaughter of prominent suffrage leader Matilda Joslyn Gage, was born in Aberdeen in 1886. It is believed that she was the inspiration for the character Dorothy in the Wizard of Oz books written by her uncle L. Frank Baum.

General Federation of Women's Clubs of South Dakota Records (H92-92, H93-43, H97-56, H98-17, H98-73,  H99-019, H2000-31, H2000-52, H2001-15, H2001-22, H2002-002, H2005-031, H2011-093, H2014-020) 24.5 cubic feet

This collection consists of records of the GFWC of South Dakota, 1899-1958, including the Pioneer Daughters Collection. Club records include by-laws, club histories, minutes, program reports, financial reports, and a treasurer's ledger. The Pioneer Daughters Collection is the result of a statewide GFWC effort to collect and preserve the stories of female pioneers in South Dakota. Arranged by county, this collection is the largest body of women’s histories in the State Archives. Dr. Sally Roesch Wagner describes this collection in "Dakota Resources: The Pioneer Daughters Collection of the South Dakota Federation of Women’s Clubs," South Dakota History, Vol. 19, (Spring, 1989): 95-109. The GFWC of South Dakota was organized January 16, 1900 and joined the national organization March 1, 1900.

General Federation of Women's Clubs, Brookings (S.D.) (H2008-091) 0.5 cubic feet

The collection consists of various materials relating to the General Federation of Women’s Clubs of Brookings. The chapter was formed on March 24, 1977 when the first officers were installed and by-laws were adopted. Included in the collection are a chapter history, GFWC history, program books, photos, news clippings, directories, certificates, press releases, orientation booklet, GFWC Civic League minutes, membership surveys, Christmas skit, GFWC Youth Suicide Prevention booklet, and GFWC International Affairs booklet. The audio tape offers an introduction the General Federation of Women’s Clubs..

General Federation of Women's Clubs, East Pierre Woman's Club Records (H2003-056) 2 cubic feet

The records for this club cover from 1921 to 2002 and  include booklets, minutes, and issues of the South Dakota Clubwoman.

General Federation Women's Club-Huron (S.D.) Fortnightly Club (H2005-075, H2009-071, H2014-068) 2.75 cubic feet

The collection consists of materials relating to the General Women’s Federation Clubs–Huron (S.D.) Fortnightly Club, ca. 1900s-1990s.

General Federation Women's Club - Northeast District (H2015-051)

The collection consists of materials related to the South Dakota General Federation of Women’s Clubs—Northeast District, ca. 2000s-2010s. The majority of the collection comprises bylaws and minutes of various district meetings. The collection also includes a few photographs, a constitution, sheet music and programs. The collection is an accretion to numerous SD GFWC collections held at the State Archives.

General Federation Women's Club - Pierre Women's Club (H98-073, H92-092, H2000-031, H2000-052, H2003-056, H2005-044, H2005-070, H2009-096, H2014-044)

The collection consists of six scrapbooks of the GFWC (General Federation Women’s Club)-Pierre Women’s Club. The scrapbooks include the years: 1998-1999, 1999-2000, 2000-2001, 2001-2002, 2002-2003, and 2003-2004. The scrapbooks include members and officers lists, annual fundraiser information, photographs, news clippings, and meeting information. Dorothy Pagan was the editor of the GFWC scrapbooks for 15 years.

General Federation Women's Club - Sioux Falls (S.D.) (H2014-079)

The collection consists of various items relating to the Sioux Falls General Federation of Women’s Club. The Sioux Falls club organized in 1879 and affiliated with the GFWC in 1892. The collection includes a history of the Sioux Falls Club, a Golden Anniversary issue of “The Clubwoman” from 1949-1950, GFWC of South Dakota brochures from the 1960s and 2010s and bylaws, GFWC certificates and a fifty-five page “History of the south Dakota Federation of Women’s Clubs, 1899-1999” written by Mary Goings. The collection also includes two scrapbooks. One is the Midwest Conference and State Convention meeting materials from 1983-1984 and a scrapbook for the Sioux Falls Club activities from 1983-1984. Donated GFWC pins were offered to the State Historical Society Museum for their consideration.

George, W. H. & Edythe Papers (H75-180) 17 items

An article written by the Georges for presentation to the Minnesota Archaeological Society (with the advice of Dr. W. H. Over, director of the Museum at the University of South Dakota) entitled "Villages on the Banks of the Missouri River in South Dakota." Generally, the article describes the excavation of a site at Steamboat Creek, n.d. Besides the manuscript, this collection contains correspondence (1942 & 1964) between the Georges and W. H. Over, and Ernest E. Macgowan, a professional archaeologist. Archaeological methods and conclusions form the basis for the correspondence.

Geertgens Family Papers (H95-32) 5 items

Consists of a reminiscence of Florence Geertgens Simmons about her experiences homesteading in Perkins County in the early 1900s. The family attended the Lutheran Church near Strool. Also in this collection is a photograph of a large group of women (one of which is Mrs. Jacob Geertgens) and children.

Geeting, Julia Marvin Collection (H2002-022) 0.25 cubic feet

Geeting was born in Springfield, South Dakota and graduated from the Springfield State Normal School in 1900.  After her marriage to Charles Geeting they moved to Spencer, Iowa. Her collection consists of personal papers, correspondence, teaching certificates, Springfield State Normal School programs, family genealogy and photographs. ca. 1895-1974

Gifford, Mildred--Scrapbook (H2005-034)

The collection consists of one scrapbook of Mildred I. Gifford’s high school days at Wessington, SD from 1932-1935. The scrapbook contains photos, letters, news clippings, class and staff lists, along with Mildred’s other writings. The scrapbook covers the four years she spent in high school. There are also writing and photos of her fellow classmates at Wessington High School.

Girl Scouts of America Photographs (H93-9) 5 items

Photographs of Girl Scout facilities on Farm Island, near Pierre, 1962.

Girl Scouts of the Nyoda Council (Onida, S.D.) (H2008-082)

The collection consists of one photo scrapbook and one anniversary book of the Onida Girl Scouts of the Nyoda Council. The scrapbook dates from 1980 to 1984 and includes images and newspaper clippings of various Onida Girl Scout events. Included in the scrapbook are images (outside and inside) of the Sully County Courthouse. A booklet titled, “Girl Scouts of Nyoda Council, 1966-2007 – Where Girls Grow Strong” is also included. The forty-four page booklet includes photos, write-ups, and history of the Girl Scouts of Nyoda Council in South Dakota. Nyoda Council comprised of thirty-six counties, mostly in eastern South Dakota.

Gleckler, Amelia C. Scrapbook (H74-43) 1 item

Amelia C. Gleckler moved to Pierre in 1882 after her marriage to William H. Glecker. The scrapbook (1882-1949) contains news clippings, invitations, programs, obituaries, announcements and other papers, mostly from the Pierre area.

Gutch, Elizabeth (Riggs) Collection (H2008-052)

The vast majority of the collection is letters written by Elizabeth (Riggs) Gutch to Lawrence H Riggs from 1947 to 1987. An index was made to each year’s letters and kept with the letters. A few letters written by Lawrence are found in the collection. Also included are photos of Lawrence H. Riggs. The collection also contains letters, cards, artwork, and Christian booklets collected by Louise M. Riggs. Additional news clippings on the Oahe Dam and Pierre history were placed in the Vertical File. A folder list for the collection is included.


Hall, Edna Papers (H75-315) 3 folders

On May 8, 1927, Charles Bintliff, a prohibition agent for the US Department of the Treasury, was killed in the line of duty. This collection, which includes five letters and claim forms, relates to Edna Bintliff Hall's subsequent claims for compensation.

Hall, Elizabeth Meadville McConnell Farrell Diary (H99-137) 1 item

Copy of the diary written by Eliabeth Hall while living in Dell Rapids, January 1, 1883 through January 7, 1884. She writes about her children, daily chores, her husbands’ activities and the weather.

Hammill, Ella May Papers (H77-46) 6 items

Family photographs and genealogical materials researched and collected by Hammill. A letter by Avery and Addie Hammill of Winabago Valley (16 miles from Miller), Dakota, to Mother and Cora, dated February 5, 1886, speaks of weather hardships and poor crops, making fresh butter, and the weariness of living a difficult life.

Hanson, Joseph Mills Family Papers (H74-17) 15 cubic feet

This unprocessed collection contains approximately fifteen cubic feet of correspondence, more than half of which was written to or by Annie Hanson, mother of Joseph Mills Hanson. A majority of the letters, detailing day-to-day family activities, are between Annie and Joseph. Letters written during the 1800s are mainly between Annie, her mother in New York, and Annie’s brothers Stephen in Omaha, Nebraska, and Abe in Washington, D.C. Major Joseph Randall Hanson and his wife Annie were early settlers in Yankton. The Major was a territorial legislator and was appointed Indian Agent for the Upper Missouri region by President Lincoln in 1865.

Harper/Hammach, Caroline (Byan) & Hughes, Mellie (Harper) – Diaries, Huron (S.D.) (H2007-059) Diares

The collection consists of 26 diaries written by Caroline (Hughes) Harper/Hammach and continued by her daughter Mellie (Harper) Hughes. The diaries were written while the family lived in Huron (S.D.). The diaries date from 1918-1946. Caroline’s entries are from 1918 to 1925. Mellie wrote the diary for Caroline in 1925 and 1926. Mellie then continued the diaries after Caroline’s death to 1945. The diaries cover common, day to day events. Also covered are the following topics: weather, children, neighbors, National events and politics, crop land the family owned in Blunt, women’s issues, the Townsend Plan, Hoover Chickens (out of season pheasants), and renting out rooms in their home. Major topics included in the diary are the Depression and World War II.

Hartle, Mary - Poetry Collection (H2009-031)

The collection consists of poetry created by Mary Hartle. The poetry addresses a number of topics including farming, pioneers, family, country schools, and general life in South Dakota. Ms. Hartle has written poetry for the South Dakota State Poetry Society. Most of the poems have the year in which they were written.

Harvey, Francis (Fanny) Lavena Collection (H2015-008)

The collection consists of various items relating to Francis (Fanny) Lavena Harvey. Most of the materials relate to her time in Arlington (S.D.) where she attended both Common School and High School. The collection includes report cards, a commencement exercise program, list of graduates, photos of fellow students and diplomas for both Common School and High School in Arlington. One of the images is credited to the G. M. Gazeley photo studio in Arlington. There are also two images of Francis’ parents Charles and Cecelia Harvey. They were both English immigrants who were pioneer residents of Deadwood (S.D.) in the 1800s. The photo of Charles shows him in his harness shop in Deadwood. The photo of Cecelia is a portrait image. Also included are an 8x10 photo of Francis and other various family photos. The collection also includes a marriage record for Francis Harvey and George Harter married October 9, 1909 in Sioux Falls, two Union County tax records for 1903 and 1906 and postcards of a train wreck in Mitchell, the Royal Hotel in Huron and the front entrance to the Moody County Enterprise in Flandreau were George Harter is standing. Both he and Francis lived in the second floor of the building.

Hawkins, Thelma Scrapbooks (H85-96) 19 items

Scrapbooks, 1945-1978. Hawkins was one of a very few African American women living Pierre from 1945 until her death in 1986. Hawkins taught at the Pierre Indian School for many years before retiring in 1974. She was active in Girl Scouts of America, the American Association of University Women, the Trinity Episcopal Church, and the Pierre chapter of Business and Professional Women. Hawkins was also a member of the board of directors of South Dakota Public Television.

Haxby, Orpha LeGro Manuscripts (H75-149) 2 items, 11 pages

Homesteading in the Black Hills, n.d., and 1944. In a letter and a manuscript Haxby discusses the trip she made as a child with her family from Elk Point to Rapid City in 1876. In addition to the routines of travel, Haxby mentions the various supplies and furniture they brought with them and the problems of life on the trail.

Headley, Esther V. Collection (H2013-110)

The collection consists of materials concerning Esther V. Headley and her volunteer activities with various organizations, mainly the South Dakota Parent Teachers Association, National Parent Teachers Association, Association for the United Nations (AAUN) and Committee for Education in South Dakota dating from the 1940s-1960s. The collection mainly consists of correspondence and news clippings. There are also a collection of speeches and talks given by Mrs. Headley at various events throughout the state and the nation. Esther (Sundvold) Headley-Stiles was born September 29, 1905 at Carpenter (S.D.) to Martin and Inger (Skinrud) Sundvold. Educated in South Dakota, she earned her teaching certificate in 1924 and taught in Spink and Clark counties for several years. She married George Headley on June 12, 1935 and they farmed near Garden City (S.D.) until 1976. She was a member of numerous boards and committees at both the state and national level being president of the South Dakota PTA, national Vice President of the PTA and an appointee to the National Citizen’s Council of Better Schools. She was also South Dakota president of the American Association of the United Nations. She received an Honorary Doctorate in the Humanities from South Dakota State University in 1957 and was also awarded the T.M. Risk award from the University of South Dakota in 1976 for her outstanding leadership in educational activities in the state.

Hedrick, Mary Adelia (Hunt) Collection (H2009-016) autobiography

The collection consists of a twenty-six paged photocopied autobiography of Mary Adelia (Hunt) Hedrick titled, “Glimpses along the Way.” Written in 1950, and given to various Hedrick family members, the autobiography covers Mary’s life from her birth in Ohio on November, 29 1866 to 1950 when she was 83 years old. The main history relating to South Dakota covers the family moving to Dakota Territory in 1884 during the opening of the Rosebud Reservation. The family rode by train to White Lake, SD. Mary elaborates on various details of living in Dakota Territory: hard work, poverty, and optimism. Mary’s father was involved with starting schools in the area and Mary passed an exam to become a teacher. She also gives an account of caring for a woman with tuberculoses. Mary offers a very detailed account of the Blizzard of 1888. Mary was teaching a group of school children and gives a harrowing account of her and the children’s ordeal. She also offers a description of the sod house the family lived in that measured 30 x 15 feet. Mary later married and moved with her husband to Ottumwa, IA.

Hegna, Audra Adams Papers (H90-123) 1 cubic foot

Correspondence, financial and family records, news clippings, real estate documents, and photographs, 1860s-1970s. Audra Adams was born in 1903 in or near Wallace, South Dakota. Her parents were Ezra Adams, a banker, and Lillian Shanks Adams, a pianist. Audra married Ed Hegna in 1930 and joined him in Montana, where they spent the rest of their lives. Other family members remained in South Dakota.

Herm, Clara O. Photographs (H94-61) 89 items

Photographs of Rosebud Indian Agency, 1941-1947. Includes views of Mrs. Herm, nurses, doctors, groups of Indian children, boarding schools, and individuals. Also included are photocopies of two news articles concerning Mrs. Herm’s career as a public health nurse. Mrs. Herm served as public health nurse at Rosebud Indian Agency from 1932 until her retirement in 1950.

Heron Family Papers (H94-50) 16 items

Consists of photographs and papers of John and Jane Knowlton Heron and their children, Claude, Grace, Hugh, Robert, and Laura. John, Jane, Robert, and Grace Heron immigrated to Pierre from Ontario, Canada in 1886, where John worked as a blacksmith. Among the papers are a Declaration of Intention certificate for Grace Heron, a brief family history written by Grace, and a brief account by Laura Heron Spencer of working in the book bindery in the old capitol building in Pierre.

Hoard, Lula (Mrs. Willis) Letters (H82-47) 11 items

Nine letters written to Mrs. Hoard by her brother Guy Winesburg while he was in the army in 1918; a retail business license issued to Mrs. Hoard by the South Dakota Division of Taxation and a letter to Mrs. Hoard and her husband from Arthur Mayer of the 164th Depot Brigade.

Hoffman, Elsie (McMillian) "As I Remember, A Grandmother's Story" (H2012-020) Reminiscence

The collection consists of one reminiscence titled, “As I Remember, A Grandmothers Story” by Elsie (McMillian) Hoffman. The stories were compiled by Elsie’s daughter Dorothy Nehlsen. The booklet provides a personal narrative of growing up in the McCook County area from roughly the 1900s to 1920s. Elsie was born in March 1899 to Robert and Louise Anne (Tornow) McMillan. The reminiscence describes a number of topics such as family life, country schools, the weather, agriculture, community life, neighbors, births and deaths, and travel.

Hogan, Martin E. and Kate Letters (SC 34) 6 items

Letters written by a lieutenant in the US Army in Dakota Territory, and by his wife, 1871-1874. The letters describe living conditions and life on military posts at the Lower Brule Indian Agency, Fort Randall, and Fort Sully.

Holm, Marie photo album (H2013-031) photo album

The collection consists of one photo album created by Pierre native Marie Holm in the 1910s. The photo album features several images of Marie’s brothers George and Magnus Holm who served during World War I with Company A, 4th South Dakota Infantry of the South Dakota National Guard. Along with George and Magnus, the photo album includes images of other World War I era soldiers with the company, some of whom were from the Pierre area. Images include the Mexican Border Service of 1916, the company’s departure from Redfield (S.D.), and images form basic training at Camp Green (NC). Most of the individual images are identified by either name or “nickname.” Photos taken in Pierre and the surrounding area are also included, featuring some main street shots from Pierre. Of particular interest is an image of a tank on Pierre Street. The album includes an image of the Holm residence currently at 615 E. Dakota Avenue in Pierre. Within the album are various images from France during the First World War, most are unidentified. Also of interest are images of Leo Ihli. The South Dakota State Archives has two collection concerning Leo, a diary (H75-188) and a scrapbook (H2001-037).

Holton, Minetta "Honey" Collection (H2011-051) Photo Album/Letters

The collection consists of one photo album and several letters sent by Minetta (Honey) Holton during her service in World War II. The album includes images of Minetta’s time during basic training at Camp Phillips (KS) starting in January 1943, the 237th Station Hospital at New Guinea starting May 1944, and of the Philippines in July of 1945. The images include nurses, patients, buildings, chapel, and native individuals. The letters (and individuals) she addressed home are identified as follows: Mr. & Mrs. H.J. Holton (Bert and Mary) her mom and dad, Margaret (nickname Bill) Holton (sister), Ruby (nicknamed Tooks) Klungseth (sister), Ruth Holton (sister), and Shirley Holton (sister). There are also letters sent by Jean Brown who wrote letters to Minetta’s parents. Also included is Minetta’s diploma from the Kahler School of Nursing in Rochester (MN). Minetta Holton was born on March 13, 1916 at Erwin (S.D.) to Herbert and Mary Holton. She graduated from Erwin High School in 1933 and the Kahler School of Nursing at Rochester (MN) in 1937. She enlisted in the Army Nurse Corps in 1942 and served until 1945. Twenty months of this time was spent in New Guinea, Australia, and the Philippines. In 1947 the family moved to Brookings (S.D.) where Minetta worked at the Municipal Hospital until the time of her death, November 25, 1951.

Horning, Harriet Photographs (H92-61) 11 items

Family photographs, ca. 1908-1960. Harriet Horning was Codington County Register of Deeds, 1946-1950; South Dakota Mother of the Year in 1952; and the first woman to serve as South Dakota State Auditor, 1958-1960.

Household Account Book (75-501) 1 item

This single notebook, written from January through July 1880, lists items bought and the amount paid for each. Entries include muslin, silk, cashmere, embroidery, needles, buttons, thread, paper and postage, as well as three cake recipes.

Howard, Frances Humphrey -- Memorial Video (H2002-002) 2 VHS Tapes

This collection consists of two VHS videotapes and two DVD discs. The videos include a memorial photo montage, the memorial service, and the memorial reception. Frances Humphrey Howard was born February 18, 1914 in South Dakota and passed away September 23, 2002 of congestive heart failure. Vice-President Hubert H. Humphrey’s sister worked as an assistant to Eleanor Roosevelt, directed the United Nation’s Association, and worked at the National Library of Medicine. She had a close relationship with her brother and he sought her advice on civil rights and women’s issues. Frances was married to Dr. Ray Howard and they had two children; William Howard and Anne Howard Tristani.

Humphrey Family Papers (H91-116) 5 cubic feet

Correspondence between Humphrey family members and between Hervey Humphrey and his business and political contacts, 1877-1900. Humphrey was editor of the Faulkton Times, Faulk County Commissioner, and served as South Dakota’s Adjutant General from 1897 to 1901. The papers contain important information concerning early settlements in Faulk County and territorial politics. Correspondence of the Humphrey children, while small in quantity, offers details of their lives in a pioneer household.

Hutchings-Koehler Family Papers (H78-54) 122 items

Septima Koehler (1848-1918), Aurora Koehler (1846-1928) and Josephine Hutchings (1863-1930) taught in Indian mission schools in South Dakota from the 1890s to the early 1910s. The collection includes approximately 100 brief essays written by Indian students at St. Elizabeth's School, Walworth county; 15 pamphlets and newspapers relating to mission activity in the state; and 7 photographs of students at St. Elizabeth's School and Indians at Rosebud Agency.

Hutton, William E. Family Photographs (H96-16) 200 items

Glass plate negatives of Egan, South Dakota family, ca. 1900. Photographs in this collection provide a remarkable view of both the Hutton family and the Egan area.


Irvine, Javan Bradley Family Papers (H72-3, H75-16, H90-87) 2 cubic feet

Capt. Irvine was stationed at Fort Sully, DT in the 1860s and 1870s, where he and his family met the Thomas L. Riggs family. The Riggs’s are mentioned frequently in the Irvine family letters. Capt. Irvine’s daughter, M. Louisa, later married Thomas L. Riggs, after the death of his first wife, Nina Foster. This collection of family letters (1859-1902) provides much biographical information in addition to his military experiences. Additions to the Irvine papers include manuscripts, a bible, photographs, 1806-1967, and two diaries written by J.B. Irvine, 1870-1873, containing numerous mentions of the Riggs family.


Jacobson, Hanna Caroline Confirmation Certificate (H75-300) 1 item

Confirmation certificate of Hanna Caroline Jacobson, born April 26, 1880 and confirmed November 18, 1894 at the Norwegian Evangelical Lutheran Church in Union County.

Jencks, Mrs. Clifford Papers (H71-4) 2 items

In a 1910 letter to her daughter Maybel, Mrs. Jencks of Brushie, South Dakota describes a prairie fire and speaks of the marriage of her daughter Edna to John Kelsey. Also included in the collection is a photograph of the frame-sod homestead the Jencks family lived in at the time of the fire.

Jenney, Adeline Papers (H75-168, H2006-057) 10 items/Dissertation

Letters, biographical sketch, and membership/award certificates, 1956-1969. Jenney’s family moved to Valley Springs, South Dakota in 1917. An instructor at Yankton College, Jenney became the secretary of the South Dakota Poetry Society in 1933. In 1937 she became the editor of Pasque Petals, a position she held for over three decades. In 1958 she became Poet Laureate of the State by proclamation of the governor.

Jochim, Wilma (Reich) Collection (H2008-058)

The collection consists of three separate items. A December 1945 pattern book titled, “Simplicity.” The catalog was $2.50 and sold patterns for women’s and children’s fashions for 15 and 25 cents. Items included dresses, sportswear, slacks, coats, jackets, blouses, skirts, junior miss, college clothes, and teen age. Wilma (Reich) Jochim used the pattern books to make clothes for herself and her children. The second item is a South Dakota Driver’s Manual prepared by the State Highway Commission Division of Motor Patrol. The manual is dated to around 1950. The third item is a booklet titled, “Fun in Sharing Fun – The CO-OP Way.” The booklet was used created to be used by various youth organizations (YMCA, 4-H, FFA, Boy Scouts, etc). Included are tips for being a good leader, games and activities, as well as party games and folk dances. Sheet music and lyrics are also provided.

Johnston, Janice Case Photograph Album (H99-090) 1 item

Janice lived in Watertown and she took photographs of her home, her family, Mount Rushmore, and out of state views; 1934-1935.

Jones, Mildred McEwen Papers (H74-25 & H2005-092) 1 cubic foot

Biographical and genealogical sketches and clippings mainly concerning early Beadle county pioneers. Compiled by Huron resident Mildred Jones.

Jorgensen, Mrs. Theodore Manuscript (H82-1) 1 item, 5 typewritten pages

Manuscript describing early Thrall Academy, and the author’s experiences there, entitled "Young People of the Prairie," ca. 1916.

Judy, Isabelle McGillvary Manuscript (H75-295) 1 item

In a one-page typed manuscript, Judy describes the effects of the hard winter of 1880-1881 on the new settlement of Forestburg, South Dakota.


Kalkbrenner, Mrs. Ray Manuscript (H76-94) 1 item, 43 typewritten pages

Manuscript entitled, "The Smithville Story." Contains the memories of Mrs. C. F. Bohnsack, nee Katie Franklin, of the Pothook Bar Ranch at old Smithville. Franklin was the older of two granddaughters of C. K. Howard. Kalkbrenner was a small child at old Smithville at a time when Bohnsack had reached adulthood and married.

Kelly, Hazel Irene Collection (H2009-052) Scrapbook

The collection consists of one scrapbook owned by Hazel Irene Kelly of Brookings, SD. The scrapbook contains materials from Hazel’s early life mainly from the years of 1908-1910, when Hazel would have been roughly thirteen to fifteen years old. Included in the scrapbook are recollections of Hazel’s life including: school, friends, parties, plays, writings, and mementoes. There is also a ticket from the 1910 Chautauqua in Brookings and a play at South Dakota State College. Hazel was born around 1895 to Samuel and Hattie Kelly and lived her early life near the town of Elvira, Iowa. Some time before 1910 Hazel and her family moved to Brookings, SD. The word “PRIVATE” is written across the cover of the scrapbook.

Kelly, Ilma Letter (H75-68) 2 items

In a long and detailed letter, Kelly, a nurse in the American Expeditionary Force, describes her experiences on the French and Belgium Fronts as a member of a mobile hospital staff during World War I in 1918.

Kelsey, Eileen Elrod and Hagen Kelsey Collection (H2014-082)

The collection consists of scrapbooks created by Eileen Kelsey and one scrapbook by Hagen Kelsey, both of whom, daughter and father, lived five miles south of Fedora (S.D.), Beaver Township, Miner County. Eileen Kelsey was born February 8, 1946 to Hagen and Ellen (Coney) Kelsey. Eileen attended Lone Rose School through eighth grade and then attended Fedora High School, graduating in 1964. She received her Bachelor of Science in Home Economics Education from South Dakota State University in 1968. The scrapbooks cover her school years, work with the South Dakota Short Horn Lassie’s and 4-H, as well as numerous greeting and birthday cards. The scrapbooks include news clippings, photographs, ribbons, certificates and various correspondences. A short index for each scrapbook is provided. The collection also includes a booklet on Eileen’s eighth grade graduation class from 1960, a Fedora High School publication from March 1962 and a Fedora High School reunion booklet from 1994. Hagen Kelsey, born July 23, 1914 to Arthur and Edna (Hagen) Kelsey was a 4-H member in Miner County and graduated from South Dakota State College in 1938. He was an Agricultural Extension Agent in various counties and served in the U.S. Navy in World War II. He married Ellen Coney on January 30, 1945 and they had three children Eileen, Elizabeth and Cheryl. A 1974 Miner County Directory was added to the State Archives county directory collections.

Kirk, Maud H. Letter (H74-143) 1 item

Consists of a single-page note written by Maud H. Kirk on June 14, 1877, while on board the steamer "Josephine." The note, stating all is well, was placed in a bottle and thrown overboard near Fort Buford.

Klein, JoAnn Kositzky Photographs (H94-63) 6 items

Two group photographs of the Women Accepted in Volunteer Emergency Service unit in which JoAnn served from 1944 to 1946, an informal photo of JoAnn with three other women in uniform, and copies of WAVES publications.

Kohlhaas, Marlene Collection (H2009-091) Scrapbook

The collection consists of one scrapbook compiled by Marlene Kohlhaas. The scrapbook was made while Marlene was a sixth grade student in Britton, SD. Some of the newspaper clipping are dated to 1949 and the scrapbook lists George T. Mickelson as Governor (1947-1951). The scrapbook covers a number of topics including: State Mottos, State History, as well as the cities of Aberdeen, Mitchell, Huron, and Watertown. Also included are tourist destinations such as the Black Hills and Badlands, Custer State Park, the Passion Play, Mt. Rushmore, Crazy Horse Monument, and the Corn Palace. Agriculture is another theme of the scrapbook as well as the Homestake Mine in Lead A number of promotional items were added to the Vertical File collection. A collection of buttons will be offered to the Museum of the South Dakota State Historical Society.


Ladies of the Grand Army of the Republic Records (H77-3) 1 folder

Records of the General George A. Custer Circle No. 6, Chamberlain, 1932-1935. This women's organization was composed of descendants of Civil War Union veterans and nurses. Included are correspondence, lists of members and officers for 1932 and 1934, rituals, special programs, rules and regulations, order of meetings, and the proceedings of the 48th Annual National Convention.

Langemann, Irene, A Home without Roots [videotape] (H95-15) 1 item

A video filmed by Langemann with a running time of 30 minutes titled A Home without Roots: Destiny of a Refugee Family (1993). The film, focusing on Germans from Russia, describes Irma Schefelbein’s emigration from Kasakstan to Germany, the land of her forefathers. Irma, a 67-year-old woman, and 200 other emigrants from the Commonwealth of Independent States came to Potsdam, Brandenberg to live in old army barracks. They left because of unstable political conditions.

League of Women Voters Records (H75-75, H98-050, H99-007, H2002-022, H2007-074, H2010-104, H2014-065) Multiple Collections

Minutes, correspondence, annual reports, circulars, committee reports, and other materials, 1922-1997. The LWV of the United States was organized in 1920, as was the first local SD chapter. However, it was not until the mid 1950s that a state league was organized.

League of Women Voters – Sioux Falls (H2013-108)

The collection consists of newsletters transferred from the State Library’s collections. Including issues of “The League of Women Voters of Sioux Falls” from February 2004 to January 2009.

Lee, Frances Papers (H78-52) 30 items

Legal documents, 1883-1945. Deeds and land records of a Pierre woman whose family homesteaded in Kingsbury county in the late 1870s.

Lief, Augusta, Teacher’s Contract (H75-66) 1 item

Teacher's contract with the 64th school district of Union County, 1899.

Linstad, Otto Papers (H82-39) 1 folder and several photographs

This collection is primarily World War I clippings, photographs, and papers. A small portion relates to Mrs. Lindstad’s (Hazel Rood) activities in the American Legion Auxiliary. Hazel Rood was born near Ash Creek in present day Haakon County, July 31, 1889. She became active in the Pierre American Legion Auxiliary after her marriage to Otto in 1923. In 1927 she was elected President of the South Dakota Department.

Lonewell Extension Club Secretary's Record Books (H2002-052) 1.0 cubic feet

The Lonewell Extension Club was organized in the Oelrichs area to promote interest in homemaking and to sponsor 4-H club work. The Secretary's Record books cover the years from 1927 to 1994 and contain the membership information, meeting minutes, duties of officers, the clubs' constitution and by-laws and suggestions for meetings.

Long, Margaret Collection (H2012-063) Scrapbook

The collection consists of one scrapbook and various mailers concerning the South Dakota Picture Study Course. The course work is dated to the 1920s and 1930s and includes an informational booklet and printed clippings of various works of art. South Dakota teachers used the study course as a supplement to fine arts courses taught in schools. According to census records, Margaret Long was a teacher in Huron (S.D.). The study course mailers are addressed to her. It is assumed she received the picture study course and filled her scrapbook with the provided artwork. The collection represents the, state government approved, materials used to teach art in South Dakota in the 1920s and 1930s.

Lott, Lucie Emma Dickinson Papers(SC 48) 12 typewritten pages

Reminiscences of life in Vermont, South Dakota, California, and Michigan. The Dickinson family homesteaded in Edmunds County in 1885. At sixteen Lucie became the railway agent at Loyalton. Two years later she married the agent at Ipswich and continued working as the office clerk. The Lotts remained in South Dakota until 1907.

Love, Marie Collection (H2013-104)

The collection consists of photographs and negatives relating to Marie Love and the Love family of South Dakota, ca. 1900s-1920s. Marie Love was born October 21, 1895 to Clinton and Effie (Quick) Love in McCook County, South Dakota. According the census records, Marie was the only child of Clinton and Effie who lived in different parts of South Dakota in 1910 (Sioux Falls), 1920 (Salem) and 1930 (Highmore). It is assumed that photos and negatives in the collection are of the Love family, specifically of Marie Love at different ages. Two issues of the Ree Heights Review from May 1929 list Marie Love as a student at the University of Wisconsin. Explaining how the items were found in Wisconsin. The issues of the Ree Heights Review are not in the State Archives newspaper microfilm collection and will be sent to the Microfilm Unit for microfilming. Of additional interest is a photo of a stage and performers identified as, “Opening of the New Opera House at Montrose, South Dakota, Sunday Night’s Play, March 4 19XX by the Myrtle Vinton Company.” The year numbers have been scratched off. Of particular interest are the photo businesses listed in both the cabinet cards and negative envelopes. A list of photo studios is provided with the accession form. The negatives will be processed and scanned at a future date. The negatives include more family images and other negatives showing automobile and golfing.

Lowe, Alice Jesse Collection (H2009-061) Photo Album

The collection consists of one leather bound photo album. The photo album contains a number of small black and white snap shots of tourist destinations throughout the Black Hills of South Dakota dating from 1926 to 1927. Alice Jesse Lowe of Alliance, NE took these vacation images while traveling through the Black Hills. A number of South Dakota topics are covered in this scrapbook including: Deadwood-Days of ’76 Parade, Tri-State Roundup, and the Gold Discovery Day Pageant. Town scenes include Deadwood, Rapid City, and Hot Springs and tourist attractions such as Sylvan Lake, Gordon Stockade, Needles Highway, Harney Peak, Latchstring Inn, and various Black Hills Monuments. Also included are images of President Calvin Coolidge from 1927 when he vacationed in the Black Hills at his summer White House.

Lutheran Ladies Aid Society Photograph (H2003-017) 1 item

The Norwegian Ladies Aid Society was organized in Pierre in 1896 and changed its name to the Lutheran Ladies Aid Society in 1899. This 10 x 13 reprint includes all of the members in 1896.

Lutheran Memorial Church, Pierre, Records (H75-77) 4 microfilm reels

Women church members played active roles in the life of the Lutheran Memorial Church and in its predecessors, and in the Grace Evangelical Lutheran Church of Hayes, by their participation in women's organizations that were affiliated with the churches. Records include those of the Sunshine Circle and the Lutheran Ladies Aid Society.


Mahone, Hazel Collection (H2006-086, H2007-054, H2014-080) 1.5 cubic feet

The collection consists of various materials relating to the life of Hazel Mahone. Hazel was born in 1910 in Huron, SD to Jerry and Carrie Warren. She graduated from Huron high school in 1929 and attended Huron College for two years, and later enrolled in cosmetology school. Hazel was a hair dresser in Huron for 45 years. In her later years, she made several trips to different spots in the world including, Europe, Africa, Jerusalem, Egypt, the Himalayas, and India. Her writings during her trips make up the bulk of this collection. There is also an autobiography written by Hazel and a scrapbook of news clippings and photographs.

Malone, Fanny Achines Manuscript (H75-330) 1 item

In a 22-page typewritten manuscript, Malone discusses her twelve years of homesteading with her husband, George Malone, in Lyman county (later Jones County). Natives of Michigan, the Malones moved to South Dakota in 1905 when parts of the Rosebud Reservation were opened to settlement.

Mann, Dorothy Photograph Collection (H2001-030) 0.25 cubic feet

One photograph album of black and white photos (1914-1925) including parade scenes in Chamberlain, the Missouri River bridge at Chamberlain, the State Game Lodge, White’s Mill near Mitchell and the Mann family.

Marion Family History (H86-21) 1 item

121-page typewritten manuscript by Cecilia Marion Cudmore (1976) in which she reminisces about her life near Fort Pierre. Cudmore, born in 1900, was the daughter of H. Marion, who operated a profitable truck garden on Marion’s Island in the Missouri River between Pierre and Fort Pierre.

Marriage Law Collection (H77-9) 3 items

Letter to Doane Robinson from Daniel M. Brown in 1911 asking for Robinson’s opinion on marriage legislation introduced in the 1911 session; a copy of the 1911 legislation; and an open letter written to the legislature in 1909 by Brown, Pastor of the First Congregational Church in Lead.

Mathieson, Joseph R. Family Photographs (H96-21) 93 items

Photographs collected by the Mathieson family, ca. 1889-1991. Images in this collection include: Eagle Butte, Pierre, Fort Pierre, and Philip, South Dakota; ranch scenes; cowboys; homestead claim shacks; Mathieson and Rousseau family members; and the Rousseau ranch. Joseph R.’s grandfather, George D. Mathieson, settled in Fort Pierre in 1879 and later served as a Stanley County Commissioner and state legislator.

Matteson, Grace Cotton Papers (H86-3) 4 cubic feet

Family letters, correspondence during Grace’s tenure as Hughes County Superintendent of Schools (1921-1924), family photographs, education publications (1920s), and greeting cards. The family letters, spanning three generations, provide an insightful view of family life from 1900 through 1930. Of particular interest are letters between Grace and her siblings regarding the care of their sister Bertha who was epileptic. The Cotton family moved from Indiana to Clay County in 1874. Two years later they moved to Turner County, where Grace’s parents remained until their deaths.

Mayerhoff, Mrs. Paul S. - Letter (H2005-060) 1 letter

The collection contains the reminiscence of Mrs. Paul S. Mayerhoff a resident of Douglas County in South Dakota during the Blizzard of 1888.

McCreary, Patricia Papers (H2003-033) 0.25 cubic feet

"Coal Bins and Chalk Dust" consists of information recollected by Grant County country school teachers. The stories were gathered and compiled between 2001 and 2002, but the memories of the teachers cover from the 1930s through the 1960s.

McGillycuddy, Fanny Diary (H74-140) 1 item

A 19 page typescript copy (April 11, 1877-October 31, 1878) of a diary recorded by the wife of Pine Ridge Indian Agent and Army Officer Dr. Valentine T. McGillycuddy while at Fort Robinson. Entries describe day-to-day activities as well as the surrender, death, and burial of Crazy Horse.

McGinnis, John Harvey Family Papers (H75-126) 6 items

Five-page typewritten family history and photos, 1897 and 1974. The manuscript describes John and Elizabeth McGinnis’s homesteading experiences in Hand County. Included in the collection is a wedding photograph and four images of the homestead buildings.

McKennan Nursing Graduates Photograph (H2003-002) 1 item

Sixteen female graduates of the McKennan Nursing School class of 1931 are pictured along with their names in this 8 x 10 photograph.

McKnight, Tressa (Duff) Collection (H2011-101)

The collection consists of 35 diaries written by Tressa (Duff) McKnight from 1933 to 1964. Tressa Duff was born September 21, 1891 to Frank and Elmina Duff in Poynette (WI). She lived in Brookings (S.D.) prior to her marriage to Wayne McKnight on April 26, 1916. Wayne and Tressa lived in Blunt and Hurley before returning to Brookings in 1944. Tressa died March 14, 1978 in Brookings. The daily diaries are written from the perspective of a South Dakota housewife. The diaries include weather reports but also offer social, community, family and historical events on a daily basis. The diaries also include names of individuals in the community. Most of the diaries are bound, but some of the early years are spiral bound notebooks. There are three years missing from the collection: 1943, 1944 and 1947.

McMahan, Nellie Cole Papers (H80-11) 5 items

Autograph album, 1888-1896; a sheet of home remedies, 1889; McMahan’s diary, 1913-1915; a mortgage paper on the McMahan land, 1909; and a note of payment due, 1914. Nellie Cole McMahan (1870-1937) was born in Bon Homme County. She spent most of her life on a homestead near Delmont in Douglas County. The diary details the daily life of a Dakota homesteader - the weather, farm work, and occasional social events.

McManus, Emma Collection (H2009-007) Teacher Certificates

The collection consists of teaching certificates for Emma McManus issued from the states of South Dakota, Iowa, and Nebraska. The certificates include date, teaching county, as well as test scores for various subjects including: reading, arithmetic, physiology and hygiene, writing, geography, orthography, grammar, civil government, U.S. History, and didactics. Each state had its own set of tests which teachers had to pass in order to teach in a given state. The South Dakota certificate is dated October 3, 1896 for Lawrence County. The Iowa certificate is dated March 15, 1889 for Fremont County. The six Nebraska certificates are for Jefferson County and date from 1885 to 1896.

McNeil, Ida M. Anding Manuscript (H75-202, H2009-064) 1 item, 2 CDs

This 4 page typescript discusses conscription, assignment of South Dakota troops to the regular army, and the home front during World War I, 1917. Ida Anding moved to Pierre with her family in 1896. In 1906 she began work for the South Dakota Department of History and in 1909 she designed and made the first official flag of the State of South Dakota. She is best remembered for her role as "Mrs. Pierre," the owner and operator of KGFX radio station in Pierre from 1922 through 1962. The collection consists of two audio CDs pertaining to Ida McNeil. Ida (Anding) McNeil was a pioneer in radio broadcasting. Born in 1888, her family moved to South Dakota when she was eight years old. Her father worked on steamboats along the Missouri and later settled in Pierre. Ida graduated from Pierre High School and for a time, worked for the State Historical Society, and in 1921 married Dana McNeil who worked for the Chicago and Northwestern Railway. Ida would broadcast news and weather which heard by communities throughout South Dakota. In 1927, Ida McNeil received a license to broadcast as KGFX. Her most popular program was "Hospital News." She is in the South Dakota Broadcasters' Hall of Fame. She died in 1974. The CD’s consist of one 10:29 broadcast segment from January 26, 1951. The second CD contains an interview between Ida and Abner George recorded in 1970. The interview is 38:43 and covers a number of topics such as: the start of KGFX in Pierre, her first broadcast, weather and hospital reporting, daily operations of running a radio station, past employees, and other various stories.

McNeil, Mattie Diary (H88-27) 1 item, 12 typewritten pages

Typed transcript of a diary kept by Mattie McNeil in 1894 during a wagon trip to Yellowstone Park.

Mead, Corwin D. Papers (H75-509) 7 folders

The majority of this collection relates to Mead’s business activities in Pierre where he was a lawyer, judge and legislator. Folders 5-11, however, relate to Mead’s wife Ida Wicks Mead and his daughter Winifred. Particularly "The New Woman" in folder 9 and the typewritten manuscript on coeducation in folder 11, provide insights into the prevailing attitudes towards the roles of women from the 1880s to the turn of the century. Folder 6 contains a manuscript entitled, "What We Owe the Community," probably written by Ida Wicks Mead, and presented to the Woman's Club on October 7, 1899. Little is known about Ida and the three daughters, Mary, Winifred, and Ruth. All four women apparently received college educations. Ida maintained interests in literature, civic issues, and household issues. She was a member of the Pierre Woman’s Cub and the Dickens Club. Ida Mead died in 1920.

Medary Extension Club Records (H96-49) 1/2 cubic foot

Chairman handbook, four notebooks containing members accounts, and four secretary’s books from ca. 1936 through 1987.

Meigs, Helen (Jacobson) Collection (H2009-074)

The collection consists of typed and handwritten biographical materials relating to the life of Helen (Jacobson) Meigs. Helen was born in Pierre, SD in April of 1895 to Elias and Ethel (Collins) Jacobson. The Jacobson family worked with Mr. and Mrs. Thomas L. Riggs at the Oahe Mission School at Peoria Bottom and Ethel was the niece of Mary Collins, a prominent missionary and teacher. The collection consists of biographical materials written by Helen, mainly of her early life in the Pierre and Peoria Bottom area. Also included are five papers (with grades) from a Freshman English class from Huron College titled, “An Old Log House,” “Comparative Merit of Government and Mission Indian Schools,” “A Bird’s Eye View of Ft. Pierre,” “Society types at Huron College,” and “Contrast in Group Description.” The final piece of the collection contains on Oral History Transcript from November of 1979 as a school project done by Andrew Meigs.

Meleen, Gladys Collection (H2011-112) Sheet Music

The collection consists of numerous pieces of sheet music collected and used by Gladys Meleen while teaching piano in Pierre (S.D.). The music is dated from the 1900s-1950s with a majority of the music dating from the 1910s-1930s. The music represents popular tunes of the time, when piano music and piano playing was more prevalent. Some of the themes include: South Dakota, World War I, Religion/Spirituality, Irving Berlin, Patriotism, and various popular songs.

Mellette Family Papers (H94-41) 1 microfilm reel

Microfilm copies of original papers located at the Mellette House in Watertown, where many are on display. Includes correspondence of former Governor Arthur Mellette, Margaret Wylie Mellette, the Mellette children, Samuel Elrod, and Wylie; invitations to various receptions, political and social events; articles in journals; scrapbooks; loose clippings; pictures; and a family Bible.

"Melloon's (Lingeren), Orpha - Writings" (H2007-048) 1 booklet

The collection consists of a photocopied booklet titled, “Orpha Melloon’s Writings.” The booklet was published in 1988 by Orpha’s daughter Lyla. The booklet includes Orpha’s life story and some of her writings on various subjects. There are also images of the family at the end of the booklet. Orpha grew up near Fairfax, SD in Gregory County until she moved to Sioux Falls in 1923. She married Burdette Melloon on April 16, 1931. They had four children Lyla, Wayne, Floyd, & Bethel.

Metcalfe, Eugenie Photographs (H88-94) 6 items

A collection of images of the 1st WAVE reunion at San Francisco, CA in 1948 which documents Metcalfe’s Navy career. Sioux Falls resident Lt. Eugenie Metcalfe was an occupational therapist in the Medical Corps during World War II. After the war she served as president of the Prairie W.A.V.E.R.S. Unit #23 veterans organization.

Miller, Mary Ann Photographs (H93-11) 16 items

Picture postcards of Miller throughout her childhood(1946-1949, 1952-1962). A.C. Miller, her father, practiced law in Kennebec. He also served as a South Dakota legislator, Speaker of the House (1937-1940), and Lieutenant Governor (1941-1945).

Miller, Myra Morton Photographs (H88-88) 584 glass plates and several thousand black and white prints

Miller was an amateur photographer and artist who left an extensive photograph collection for the period 1910-1930. A rural Marshall County resident, she photographed life around her—children, farm animals and buildings, and other members of her family.

Montague, Marlene Joy—Teacher Contracts (H2004-026) 0.1 cubic feet

This collection consists of teacher’s contracts issued to Marlene Joy Montague. Marlene Montague taught ½ year in Detroit, Michigan from January to June 1963. She taught at Eveleth, Minnesota from the fall of 1963 through the spring of 1965. During the 1965-1966 school year she taught for the Douglas School System. From August 1966 through August 1968 she was an instructor at the Army Finance School at Fort Benjamin Harrison in the Woman’s Army Corps. From 1968 through the spring of 1970 she taught at Gann Valley. From 1970 through 1971 she attended the University of Arkansas to earn her Masters Degree. During the 1971-1972 school year she taught at the Flandreau Indian School. From 1972 to 1976 she taught for the Shannon County School system. From December 1975 through August 1976 she taught at the National College of Business in Rapid City. From August 1976 through 2002 she taught for the Rapid City School District. The information in the contracts include the school term, salary, subjects taught, the name of the school, level of education, and the terms of the contract as specified by each school district.

Moore, Marie Collection (H2009-032) Photo Album

The collection consists of one leather bound photo album belonging to Marie Moore of Pierre, SD. The images in the book date to the 1910s. The cover of the photo album is inscribed with the words “My Automobile Trips.” Marie was born in 1900 to Edward and Hulda Moore of Pierre. Edward owned the Moore Dry Goods Store on upper Pierre Street in Pierre. The album contains both Pierre and Ft. Pierre images, locations in both Hughes and Stanley county, High School friends, Skip Day, Moore Family members, the State Capitol, Capitol Lake, Moore Dry Goods Store, Center of South Dakota Monument, Governor Frank M. Byre, Marie’s birthday party, tennis courts, Indian War Dance, Pierre and Ft. Pierre residence, and automobiles.

Morris Family Manuscript (H75-153) 1 item, 114 pages

Entitled "Pioneer and Indian Stories," the manuscript provides an account of ranching and pioneer life experienced by Rapid Valley homesteaders (1880). Authored by at least two of the Morris children, it was compiled by Rena E. Murphy.

Mortenson, Alpha Collection (H2008-025) 13 cubic feet

The collection consists of roughly 13 cubic feet of materials relating to the photographer Alpha Mortenson. Alpha was a commercial photographer near Platte, SD. She was a lifelong resident of the area. Alpha was born near Platte on May 26, 1887 to Johan Arnt and Anne Elizabeth Mortenson. She attended Platte public school and went to Jewell Lutheran College in Jewel, IA. She later studied photography and had studios in Platte, Lake Andes, and Lake Park, MN for several years. She died November 14, 1950. The boxes include hundreds of glass plate negatives, glass plate negative boxes, photo prints, and other related materials. It will be necessary to perform preservation work on the glass plates which will include cleaning, refoldering, scanning, boxing, and cataloging. It will take several years for the entire collection to be completely processed. The photographic equipment which includes tripods, cameras, and development materials will be sent to the museum of the State Historical Society for their consideration. In 2018, this collection was partially digitized and was made available on the South Dakota Digital Archives.

Mother Gertrude Biographical Sketch (H75-111) 1 item

A two-page sketch of a Benedictine nun written by Rose A. O’Connor, Hospital Librarian at the Sioux City Public Library, 1931. Born as Mary Ellen McDermott in 1864, Mother Gertrude moved to Standing Rock Indian Reservation in 1890.

Murphy, Mary McKenna Family Papers (H2003-018) 0.25 cubic feet

The McKenna family moved from Iowa to Bon Homme County in 1878. This collection includes photographs and an autobiographical account of childhood and early adult life memories written by Mary in 1946 when she was 82 years old.


National Secretaries Association (International) Oahe Chapter Records (H97-36) 3 cubic feet

Subject files and scrapbooks, 1967-1990. Founded in 1942,the NSA is the world’s largest secretarial association. The first meeting of the Oahe Chapter was held in Pierre on April 18, 1967.

New York City Indian Association Annual Reports (H88-9) 2 folders and 20 bound volumes

Annual reports, 1907-1938. The NYCIA was a predominantly female group whose aims were to foster Christian ideals among American Indians through the support of missionaries and instructors to Indians. This group also published The Indian’s Friend.

Norman, Roy and Edith Collection (H2008-101)

The collection consists of information relating to the following Stanley County families: Norman, Fackelman, Stoeser, and Wiseman. The majority of the collection contains information on Roy and Edith (Fackelman) Norman, Gene and Regina (Norman) Stoeser, their descendents and offspring. The families were closely intertwined with several aspects of Stanley County history by being involved in various community organizations, groups, schools, and sports. The collection covers different aspects of history in Stanley County throughout the twentieth century. Photographs make up a majority of the collection. A folder list for the collection is included.

Norton, Carrie More Papers (H75-335) 3 items

Manuscripts concerning Norton's hobby of bird watching in and around Faulkton, South Dakota, 1920.


Odell, Florence Collection (H2009-048) Photo Album

The collection consists of one high school photo album of Florence Odell from Montrose, SD dated to the late 1910s and early 1920s. Florence Odell was born on November 29, 1903 to Royal B and Anna (Knox) Odell near the Montrose, SD area. The Odell’s were early pioneers in the Montrose area. The photo album offers insight into the high school years and family life of Florence Odell. The photo album features a number of black and white photographs showing various scenes. These include: children, family, school buildings, school play, classmates, farming, farm machinery, automobiles, marriage car, Montrose town scenes, motorcycle, Sylvan Lake, farmsteads, World War I soldiers and scenes, winter scenes, and the Montrose high school basketball team. Some of the photographs are identified, some with only a first name and some with a complete name. Florence was a teacher who later became a principal and superintendent at the Sand Creek Consolidated school south of Wessington Springs. Florence married Hurff Saunders on March 1, 1924; they lived in Huron for a time before moving to Ketchikan, Alaska prior to the Second World War. The grey cover of the photo album features a lion and the word, “Memories.”

Old Settlers Register (H76-66) 1 item

A list of various old settlers, both male and female, and the date they settled in Dakota. This photocopied document titled, "Register of Old Settlers, Homecoming Week, June 11 to June 17, 1911," refers to the 50th anniversary celebration of the Yankton County Old Settlers Association.

Olson, Alice Adelaide Letters (H75-336) 2 items

Letters testifying to Alice Olson's teaching ability, 1882.

Olson, Donna Collection (H2013-093)

The collection consists of sleeves from a three-ring binder created by Donna Olson of photographs and information on various events. Those events include the Fort Pierre to Deadwood Commemorative Trail Ride—2008, Casey Tibbs Memorial Ride—2009, Custer State Park (S.D.)—Governor's Buffalo Roundup—2009 and Scotty Philip Memorial Trail Ride—2011. Included are images of Donna Olson and Carol Jennings along with other event participants. Also featured are news clippings, certificates and programs from the events. The sleeves were removed from the three-ring binder and placed a folder. Carol Jennings received the binder after the passing of Donna Olson.

Olson, Florence DeWolf Papers (H97-20) 1/2 cubic foot

Genealogy items, diaries, school records and notebooks, letters, teacher certificate and contracts, teaching aids, and family photographs (1869-1980 with the bulk limited to 1920-1940). After attending Northern Normal School in Aberdeen, DeWolf taught in the Hyde County rural schools of Bramhall and South Convent before teaching primary grades at Harrold. Her husband Clarence worked in road construction.

Olson, Irma Anna Israel Collection (H2002-008) 2.25 cubic feet

Olson was a South Dakota PTA President in the late 1950's. The records in this collection include correspondence, reports, and publications that were collected or generated by Olson during her time as president. ca. 1929-1969

Olson-Mann Family Papers (H90-52) 1/4 cubic foot

A collection of letters, obituaries, and a legal instrument. The letters explain how Andrew Olson-Mann (1863-1910) was adopted and tell of his reunion with his birth father. His sister Anna writes lengthy letters describing homesteading in McCook County. She gives an excellent account of housing, life on the prairie, and remarks on their crops and farm animals.

Opheim, Charlotte Johnson Papers (H76-7) 1 item

Affidavit dated 1941 in which Opheim relates the discovery of the Verendrye plate.

Oral, South Dakota Postcard (H94-52) 1 item

Titled, "Good Girls in Badlands, South Dakota, 1909." The image shows a sod house and tent with three girls sitting in the foreground and one woman in the background in front of the house and tent. The card is addressed to Miss Minnie Johnson of Clarkston, Washington. The text of the message expresses the writer’s dislike for the Badlands and is signed, "Lovingly Kate."

Osborne, Sara Jane Memoir (H92-85) 1 item, 6 pages

Osborne, a Pennington County resident ca. 1885-1890, describes meetings with local Indians and events surrounding the Wounded Knee Massacre along with other recollections of her life in this memoir.

Outdoor Woman of South Dakota (H99-211, H2010-061)

The collection consists of Outdoor Woman of South Dakota bylaws, event planning kits, and their publication Outdoor Woman. Copies of the Outdoor Woman will be added to the existing archives’ collection. The materials date to the 1990s.


"A Pageant of Local History" (H77-23) 1 item

A play presented at the Women's Day Re-dedication Program held April 21, 1948 in Pierre. The pageant consisted of approximately twenty episodes depicting historic events. It was sponsored by various Pierre area women's clubs, church groups, and civic organizations. The program was prepared to coincide with the arrival in Pierre of a traveling exhibit housing more than 100 of the nation’s historical documents known as the "Freedom Train." The purpose of the traveling exhibit was to "inspire and rekindle a patriotic interest in the great American Heritage of freedom."

Parker, Niles G. Family Letters (H75-25) 7 items

Letters written from Bangor, Dakota Territory to cousin Wm. O. Haskell, of Mason, New Hampshire, 1880s. Four of the letters were written by Niles G. Parker, editor of The Bangor Rustler; three were written by his wife, Marian A. Parker. The letters deal mainly with personal affairs, but also offer a glimpse into life in Dakota Territory.

Parrot, Irma Collection (H2004-051) 0.1 cubic feet

This collection consists of miscellaneous school records from Irma Parrot’s attendance at the Pollock (S.D.) schools. Included are certificates (spelling, perfect attendance, merit), report cards, a graduation program, and a high school diploma. Irma graduated from Pollock High School in 1933. The donation also features thirteen souvenir photographs of the Black Hills scenes taken by the Rise Studio Rapid City (S.D.) from the 1920s. Images include Mount Coolidge, Spearfish Canyon, the Needles Highway, State Game Lodge, Sylvan Lake Hotel, Rough Lock Falls, and Harney Peak.

Parmelee, David and Mary Papers (H92-59 and H95-25) 17 items

This collection offers a glimpse of life on the Rosebud Reservation in the 1800s. David taught at the day school at Cut Meat while his wife Mary assisted him. Included in the collection is a letter dated 1887 from the teacher and students of St. Mary’s School to the Parmelees; a letter dated September 2, the Parmelee’s wedding date, from Mary’s sister Mame; and Mary’s Memoriam booklet. In 1995 the Archives received 13 photographs dated 1916 to add to this collection.

Parnell Birthday Club (H2000-082 and H2001-012) 0.50 cubic feet

Yearbooks, secretary book, minutes, treasurer’s books, scrapbook, and recipes (1949-2000) from a club that was organized in February of 1949 and disbanded in 2000.

Pearson, Ralph Manuscript (H88-17) 1 item, 19 pages

"An Intensive Study of Divorce and Marriage in South Dakota," 1932.

P.E.O. Sisterhood Collection -- Gregory/Rapid City (H2009-014)

The collection consists of 20 Pamphlets from the P.E.O. Sisterhood Chapter Z of Gregory South Dakota and Chapter Q of Rapid City, South Dakota. The Chapter Q pamphlets range from 1956-1961 and the Chapter Z pamphlets range from 1961-1975. Pamphlets after 1966 contain a list of the P.E.O Sisterhood founders and all pamphlets contain lists of chapter officers, committees, the program, past presidents, and members. P.E.O. stands for Philanthropic Educational Organization and is a society for women dedicated to the education of women. It was founded on January 21, 1869 by a group of students at Wesleyan College in Mount Pleasant, Iowa. Today the P.E.O. Sisterhood is nationwide and provides educational grants, loans, and awards to women around the world. P.E.O. also has stewardship of Cottey College, an all women, two year, liberal arts college in Nevada, Missouri. .

Peterson, Vera (Kimball) Collection (H2012-013)

The collection consists of various materials relating to the graduation of Vera (Krimball) Peterson from Pierre High School in 1908. The collection includes commencement invitations and play/theatre invitations. The events were held at the statehouse (State Capitol) and the Grand Opera House in Pierre. The collection also includes commencement items from 1896 and 1909 for the Hyde County Public School. There is also a New Year’s party invitation from 1904 to events at the First Baptist Church in Pierre. The collection also includes two report cards from Vera’s sophomore and junior year of high school. The report cards are restricted as they include grades. .

Pickler Family Papers (H91-74) 65 cubic feet

Correspondence, subject files, financial records, journals, business records, photographs, scrapbooks, and speeches, 1865-1976. Major John Alfred Pickler and his wife, Alice Mary Alt Pickler, were prominent Faulk County pioneers. This collection contains documentation of the temperance and suffrage movements in South Dakota, in which both John and Alice Pickler were active. Alice’s correspondents included persons of national prominence in these crusades including Annie Wittenmeyer, Carrie Chapman Catt, Susan B. Anthony, and Henry Blackwell. The collection includes an extensive body of correspondence between state and national Equal Suffrage Association headquarters and field workers and local societies. Portions of the collection dating later than 1910 concern the household, school and business activities of by then widowed Alice Pickler, her children, and grandchildren. See article by Linda M. Sommer "Dakota Resources: The Pickler Family Papers and the Humphrey Family Papers at the South Dakota State Historical Society," in South Dakota History, Vol. 24 (Summer 1994): 115-134.

Pierre Indian School Photographs (H97-14) Approximately 250 items

This collection of images, dating from the 1920s through the 1960s, was collected by Winifred Echelberger, who taught at the school for 23 years. Views include students, staff, and class activities.

Pohrt, Richard A. Photograph Collection (H74-195) 217 items

Pine Ridge Reservation photographs, ca. 1900. Many views of women are included in this collection.

Porter, Grace Reed Autobiography (H88-24) 1 item, 35 pages

Autobiography, 1957. Porter was elected Superintendent of Stanley County Schools in 1908 and later served as Dean of Women at Dakota Wesleyan University from 1926 to 1933.

Post, Laura (Koenig) Collection (H2007-060) Scrapbook

The collection consists of one scrapbook of images taken by Laura (Koenig) Post in June of 1942. The scrapbook contains images of Black Hills vacation spots and the Black Hills Ordinance Depot. Captions of images found in the scrapbook include: Provo to Edgemont Road, Hot Springs Country Club, Red Canyon Hike, Face Rock, Custer State Park, Lake Doran, Cathedral Spires, Mt. Rushmore, Sylvan Lake, Wind Cave Park, Game Lodge Zoo, Badlands National Monument, Wall Drug Store, and Dinosaur Park. The leather cover of the scrapbook reads “Snap Shots” with a painted image of Mt. Rushmore on the cover. Images of the Black Hills Ordinance Depot are also included: the Bosses – Doc Burger, Bill Foss, Roy King, J. W. Terteling, construction of Igloo’s, Ordinance Depot Completion, interior of workers homes. Specific Edgemont, SD images include: Trailer Camp, City Hall & Fire Station, Great Western Hotel, and Petrified Tree & Fountain. There are also 5 color linen postcards which accompanied the scrapbook. They will be placed in Box 8535C and include: Hairpin Curve, Needles Highway, Custer, S.D./ Typical Formation, Badland Nat’l Monument, S.D./ Sylvan Lake, Custer State Park, Black Hills, So. Dak./State Game Lodge, Black Hills, S.D./ Entrance to Wind Cave, Black Hills, S.D.

Potter, Hazel Collection (H2011-084)

The collection consists of various materials relating to Hazel Potter, who graduated from a common school in Faulk County in 1924, and a graduated from Aberdeen Central High School in 1928. Items found in the collection include: a yearbook The Arrow from Aberdeen Central High 1928 (with autographs), a Certificate of Proficiency in typing awarded to Hazel Potter at Aberdeen Central High in May 1927, a Certificate of Award to Hazel Potter for being neither tardy or absent May 1924, a Common School Diploma dated June 1924, a Commencement Program for Central High School June 1928, a “Hub City” Y.C.L. (Young Citizens League) meeting brochure 1931, various Certificate of Proficiency for typewriting from 1927 and 1928.

Prather, Dorothy Collection (H2007-095) Photographs

The collection consists of slides, postcards, and images of South Dakota. The majority of the collection is slides taken by Dorothy Prather a free lance photographer from Mitchell, SD and are dated to the early 1970, though some slides are dated to the late 1960s. Most of the postcards are earlier images along with a few of the slides. All slides were placed in new archival quality sleeves. A folder list of the images is included.

Pulles Family Papers (H94-69, H2015-069) Mulitple Collections

Photographs and papers of a Pierre family, ca. 1900-1970. Includes photographs of the Pulles and Hengel families and a 1970 press release announcing Catherine Pulles’s 50 years of service to South Dakota state government. The collection consists of various materials concerning the retirement of Catherine Pulles from South Dakota state government employment in 1971. She worked for state government for 50 years. The collection includes a photograph of her retirement party, a letter from Governor Frank Farrar, a greeting card from various staff members and a book titled, “Leaves of Gold” billed as an anthology of prayers, memorable phrases and inspirational verses and prose. The Coslett Publishing Company of Williamsport, PA published the book, copyrighted to 1948. Catherine Pulles was born on April 18, 1901 to Matthias and Agnes (Hengel) Pulles. She grew up and attended school in Pierre. She began work for the state of South Dakota in June of 1920 for the Department of Insurance and Rural Credits. In March 1925 she transferred to the Employment and Travel Commission. She retired on April 1, 1971. She died in Pierre on April 14, 2000.

Putnam, Jennie Teaching Certificate (H76-67) 2 items

Teaching certificate from Clark County Normal Institute and certificate to teach in Brown County, 1892-1893


No entries


Reed, Mary L. Collection (2012-083)

The collection consists of photographs, postcards, and certificates relating to Mary L. Reed. The collection contains two State of South Dakota, Department of Public Instruction teaching certificates dated 1894 and 1897 for first grade county instruction and include grades for various topics passed by Ms. Reed. Also featured are two of Mary Reed’s Certificates of Election for the Superintendent of Schools for Custer County dated 1900 and 1902. The collection also contains a number of Reed family cabinet photos, though none of the images are identified including some photos of family members from New York. The collection does include a postcard of cattle shipments in Wasta (S.D.) along with cattle herd images. Mary’s brother W. H. Reed lived in the Wasta area. According to her obituary Mary L Reed was born in New York in 1852 and came to South Dakota in the mid-1890s and moved to Custer County around 1900. She became superintendent of schools for Custer County and was postmistress for the town of Pringle (S.D.). She died April 27, 1915. Two cabinet cards and a green autograph book dating to 1896 were added to the collection in September 2021.

Republican Party, South Dakota Central Committee Records (H95-22) 1 cubic foot of Women’s Division records

Women’s Division files, 1956-1970, are included within the general subject files.

Riggs Family Papers (H74-18) 8 cubic feet

Thomas L. Riggs, a Congregational minister who entered the missionary field in 1872, operated Oahe Mission and Industrial School north of Pierre, ministering to the Cheyenne River and Standing Rock Reservation Lakota. Included in this collection are listings of native helpers, church records noting marriages and baptisms, records of church members and ministers, and copies of articles written by Margaret L. Riggs relating to women’s work among the Sioux.

Ringsrud, Olive A. Papers (H74-70) 1 1/3 cubic feet

Correspondence, scrapbooks, and news clippings, 1938-1971. Born in Union County in 1892, Ringsrud taught school for 25 years before being elected Secretary of State in 1938. She was reelected in 1940 and defeated in the Senate primary in 1942.

Roberts, Ethel (Parish) Collection (H2009-099) 1 Audio Cassette

The collection consists of one audio cassette tape of a presentation given by Ethel (Parish) Roberts and her association with the discovery of the Verendrye Plate in Ft. Pierre on February 16, 1913. Ethel along with George O’Reilly and Harriet Foster discovered the lead plate. The presentation was given at the 15th Annual Dakota History Conference at Dakota State in April 1983. The presentation covers the Parish family and their move to South Dakota, the discovery of the Verendrye Plate in 1913, and the events that surrounded its finding. Mrs. Roberts also includes some history of Pierre La Verendrye and his sons and some history of the lead plates. Also included is a presentation on country school houses which still existed in 1983 given by Herb Blakely. The presentation was also at the 15th Annual Dakota History Conference.

Robinson, Doane Papers (H74-9) 3 items

Folder 240 contains a two page manuscript, "The Woman Power of South Dakota Through Registration," dated December 29, 1917. Folder 54 contains a letter to L. N. Crill, February 4, 1922, giving a brief sketch of the women's suffrage movement in South Dakota from 1872 to 1898. Folder 52 contains correspondence with several state Woman’s Christian Temperance Union officials concerning funding of the memorial statue to Mother Sherrard in the South Dakota State Capitol (1908-1915).

Rose, Anna N. – Bible Birthday Book – Campbell County/Pollock (S.D.) (H2015-070)

The collection consists of one (4 ½ x 6 x 1) “Bible Birthday Book.” In one of the front pages is written “Mrs. Anna N. Rose.” The book consists of roughly four calendar dates per page with the adjacent pages having written names of various individuals. The calendar date corresponds with the individual’s birth date. In some instances, the year of death is also noted. There are a number of “Rose” surnames in the book, written in pen, but also a large number of other miscellaneous names written in pencil. Birth dates noted in the book range from the 1850s to 1990s, with most of the dates ranging from the 1900s to 1940s. Anna Rose was born January 31, 1878 at Worthington (MN). She married Royal Rose in 1903 and they came to the Pollock area in 1918, living first west of town and later moving into town. Both Mr. and Mrs. Rose are buried at the Pollock Cemetery. A cursory review of other names found other individuals also living in Campbell County or in the town of Pollock (S.D.) It is assumed that many of the names on the list have a connection to the Campbell County/Pollock area and other Rose family members from the 1900s to 1940s. The booklet also includes three short bible verses for each day. There are 205 pages to the book with a few unnumbered pages at the end with additional notes.

Roskie, George and Lina (Evans) Collection (H2013-097)

The collection consists of letters between legislator George W. Roskie and his wife Lina (Evans) Roskie from 1911-1912 while George attended the legislative session (1911) and while working in Pierre (1912). Most of the letters are from George to Lina with twenty-four letters written by Lina to George and forty-six letters from George to Lina. Along with discussing legislative matters, the correspondence mentions locations, events, businesses and individuals in both the Pierre and Brookings communities. George W. Roskie (Republican) was born at Montello, WI September 1, 1874 and came to South Dakota in 1896. He attended high school at Montello, the South Dakota Agricultural College in Brookings and served in the Spanish-American War. Mr. Roskie was president of the Brookings County Abstract Company and served in the House of Representatives from 1911-1912. There are also three letters sent to Lina while George was serving at Fort Riley (Kansas) with the South Dakota National Guard in late August to early September

Rowe, Edith Davis Papers (H88-43) 4 items, approximately 150 pages

Biographical accounts of John Davis, Walter Rowe, Lucy Davis, and Edith Rowe written by Edith Rowe. Rowe's family were Aurora county pioneers who came to Dakota in 1884. Her father, John Davis, served the state legislature from 1889 through 1891. Edith received a teaching degree from Madison Normal School and taught in Armour before joining the Pierre school system. Her husband, Walter Rowe, was instrumental in bringing telephone service to Pierre and Fort Pierre. These manuscripts provide an interesting account of pioneer life in Dakota Territory and early South Dakota.

Rozendal, Grace (Hustis) Collection (H2006-118) reminiscences

The collection consists of a transcript of reminiscences of Grace (Hustis) Rozendal. Grace was born in Chicago in 1905 and moved to South Dakota at the age of 10. Grace and her family settled near the Lantry, SD area on the Cheyenne River Reservation. Grace mentions several life experiences such as going to school, working on the farm, meeting local Native Americans, South Dakota winters, and other family stories. Paul Rozendal is in possession of Grace’s original letters and papers.

Rutledge Family History (H82-67) 1 item, 212 pages

A handwritten account of the Thomas Simms Rutledge branch of the Rutledge Family Record and History, written by Fred S. Rutledge in 1958. The manuscript describes the family’s homesteading ventures in Minnesota, North Dakota, and South Dakota. Parkston, Delmont, and Woonsocket are mentioned.


Sacagawea Collection (H79-1) 8 folders

Correspondence, speeches, and clippings, 1904-1972. Sacagawea, an Indian woman famous for her role in the 1803 Lewis and Clark expedition, has been a continuous source of conflict for Western historians. The place and time of her death are the crux of the argument. This collection contains materials describing two schools of thought the South Dakota Theory and the Wyoming Theory.

Saint Ann’s Catholic Church of Miller Records (H92-43, H94-22 and H2003-031) 21 items

Biographies of women parishioners, 1989-1992, 1994, 2003. Each biography was written by the individual it describes or a member of that person’s family.

Sargent, LaVeda Fendrick - Card Scrapbook (H2004-042) 0.25 cubic feet

This collection consists of a card scrapbook collected from 1949-1952. The majority of the cards are Christmas cards, although there are birth announcements, birthday greetings, and Valentine cards. The scrapbook has wooden covers that are fastened with a leather tie. The word “Scraps” is on the cover. The scrapbook was kept by LaVeda Fendrick Sargent who lived in the Kirley, South Dakota area.

Schaack, Karon Collection (H2011-102)

The collection consists of items collected by Karon Schaack while attending the University of South Dakota (Vermillion, S.D.) in the early 1960s. Included are two issues of the USD publication “The Volante” from November 26 and December 10 of 1963. The collection also contains two copies of the Women’s Panhellenic Association of the University of South Dakota booklet concerning rush week for 1963. Sororities include Alpha Phi, Alpha XI Delta, Chi Omega, Kappa Alpha Theta, and Pi Beta Phi. The booklet includes sorority fees, rules, rush week schedule, sorority map, sorority activities, and various write-ups on the above listed sororities and their members. A separate booklet from the Pi Beta Phi is also included.

Schiefelbein, Virginia Running Papers (H90-55, H90-97, H91-29) 4 1/2 linear inches

Schiefelbein was a Gettysburg resident who taught school in the surrounding area, including the Cheyenne River Reservation. Among her papers are news clippings, correspondence, postcards, photographs, employment records, and school records. Of special interest are letters from Virginia’s childhood pen pal in France (written in both English and French) and letters from her brother Tom while he was in the Air Force. The school records include Virginia’s report cards from 1912-1917, an arithmetic booklet, and a history writing assignment. Photographs depict scenes at Four Bears Day School on the Cheyenne River Reservation as well as family photographs.

Shakespeare Club of Aberdeen (H2001-043 and MF 1894) 2 microfilm reels

The collection consists of meeting minutes for the Shakespeare Club of Aberdeen (1902-2001). The club met once a month to discuss Shakespearean writings.

Shakespeare and Art Club of Mitchell Records (H71-2) 38 items

Constitution, membership list, pamphlets and programs, and minutes, 1916-1971. Organized for "the mutual improvement of members."

Shaving, Anna and Jenny Swift Eagle Photograph (H94-42) 1 item

1910 photograph of Anna Bertha Swift Eagle and her sister Jenny who married brothers, William and Charles Shaving. All were members of the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe who lived north of LaPlante near a place called Virgin Creek.

Shaw Family Papers (H87-14) 3 items

Letter describing blizzard of 1888 in Charles Mix County, family photo, 1889.

Shields, Vonnie (Karlen) Collection (H2012-093) Scrapbooks

The main part of this collection consists of four scrapbooks created by Vonnie (Karlen) Shields while attending high school at Columbia (S.D.) from 1957-1961. The scrapbooks include various high school scenes including football players, cheerleaders, boys and girls basketball players, prom, band, glee club, 4-H, graduation, and fellow high school students. Also included are school programs, publications, activity tickets, and various news clippings. There are also programs and news clippings on basketball tournaments. The scrapbooks offer an excellent example of high school life in the late 1950s in South Dakota. Also included are sixteen black and white photographs of the Rudy and Dorothy Karlan farm north of Columbia (S.D.) from the 1940s. The photos include images of cattle, horses, and farm equipment. Ten postcard views are also in the collection and show town views of Houghton (S.D.), Ree Heights (S.D.), the Brookings (S.D.) depot, and a fire at the Milwaukee Depot in Aberdeen (S.D.) 1911. The collection includes yearbooks from Springfield State Normal School, Southernaire (1960-1963) and Parkston High School, Trojan (1954, 1957-1959). Two issues of the Pierre Gumbo (’72-’73) are already held in our collections and will not be added.

Siegrist, Nellie Francis (Flickinger) Collection (H2012-090, H2013-095) Diaries

The collection mainly consists of daily diary/journal entries written by Nellie Francis (Flickinger) Siegrist from 1924 to 1970. Most of the diary years are present, but there are a few years either missing or not created. Nellie Flickinger was born September 7, 1890 in Warner (S.D.). She was married May 7, 1918 to Albert Siegrist in McIntosh (S.D.) and the family lived on Alpine Farm near Keldron (S.D.), Corson County, from 1918 to 1958. The diary also notes the adopting of their daughter, Edith Siegrist in July of 1925. The diaries note the day-to-day operations of the Siegrist family, particularly seen from a women’s point of view. The diaries highlight Nellie’s various chores and activities on the farm, social and family activities throughout the community, and Albert’s farm operations. The donor provided notes on each diary; these notes were photocopied and added with each diary. Also included are Siegrist/Flickinger family genealogy, various death notices and cards for family members, Albert Siegrist business ledgers 1894-1911, the guest list for Nellie and Albert’s retirement party in 1954, and funeral memorial books for Edith C. (Getman) Flickinger [Nellie’s mother] and Clara Bea (Flickinger) Day [Nellie’s maternal aunt].

Smith, Alice L. Papers (H94-17) 1 item

Consists of a handwritten reminiscence of Lyman County homesteading and family photographs. Included in the manuscript are descriptions of homestead life, blizzards, experiences with local Indians, rural schools, ranching, and entertainment.

Smith, Elizabeth Brown (H2001-038) 2.0 cubic feet

Biz Brown lived in Huron during her childhood and then moved to Mitchell after her marriage. This collection holds memory books, scrapbooks, and photograph albums (1906-1945). The notable items in this collection include photographs of women’s clothing, the Black Hills, and momentos that Biz saved from her attendance at Huron High School.

Sorenson-Smith, Alvilda (Myre) and Nancy Lee (Sorenson) Buckmaster Collection (H2011-113) Diaires, 8.5 cubic feet

The collection consists mainly of diaries written by Alvilda (Myre) Sorenson-Smith and her daughter Nancy Lee (Sorenson) Buckmaster. Alvilda’s diaries run from the late 1930s to the mid-1990s. Nancy’s diaries run from the 1940s to the 1980s. Alvilda has the more complete set of diaries. The daily diaries include information on the weather as well as social, community, and family events mainly in the Brookings (S.D.) area after 1950. The diaries also include names of individuals in the community. Most of the diaries are bound though the binding on some of the diaries are severely damaged. Alvilda Joan (Myre) Sorenson-Smith was born November 1, 1901 in Estelline (S.D.) to Richard Pedersen and Marian Henrietta (Gregersen) Myre. She grew up in Estelline and Desmet (S.D.) graduating from Desmet High School in 1920. She attended South Dakota State University and graduated from the College of Home Economics in 1924. She taught in Bryant (S.D.) while Karl Mundt was the superintendent. She married Hans Sorenson in June of 1928. Mrs. Sorenson-Smith was a generous benefactress to SDSU, the Family Resource and Management Center was named after her in October of 1981. She received an Honorary Doctorate of Humanities degree from SDSU in 1978. She was also the South Dakota Mother of the Year in 1957. She died November 2001. Nancy Lee (Sorenson) Buckmaster was born November 1932 in Aberdeen to Hans and Alvilda (Myre) Sorenson. She attended first through fifth grades in Watertown and sixth through twelfth grades in Erwin (S.D.) graduating in 1950. She attended SDSU for two years, and was homecoming queen in 1952. She married John Buckmaster in Brookings in March 1956. They lived in Colorado for a time before moving to Erwin and operated a potato farm and small grain business. Nancy died in Brookings in June 2010. The collection also includes two school scrapbooks from Alvilda and Nancy titled, “School Girl Days” for Alvilda Myre while a teacher at Bryant (S.D.) and “School Day Memoirs” for Nancy Sorenson while a student at Erwin (S.D.). The collection includes a scrapbook of items relating to Alvilda’s time at South Dakota State University (Brookings, S.D.). Alvilda graduated from SDSU in 1924. There are also guest books and address books belonging to both Alvilda and Nancy. The collection features a number of photo scrapbooks dated to the 1920s presumably of Alvilda and her friends. A content list is included.

South Dakota Cattle Women (South Dakota Cowbelles) Collection (H2011-085)

The collection consists of scrapbooks, annual reports, and Miss South Dakota Stock Grower information from the South Dakota Cattle Women (previously South Dakota Cowbelles). The main goal of the South Dakota Cattle Women is to promote the beef industry in South Dakota. The scrapbooks include photos, news clippings, newsletters, correspondence, event information, and other materials related to the organization. The materials date from the late 1950s to 2000s. A box list is included.

South Dakota Dental Assistance Assocation (H2011-086)

The collection consists of scrapbooks, photographs, annual meeting programs, annual reports, history, news clippings, newsletters, bylaws, manuals, booklets, legislation, practice acts, member lists, and treasurer records for the South Dakota Dental Assistants Association. The materials date from 1931 to 2007. The collection also contains information on SDDAA component societies, mainly Sioux Falls and Mitchell. The collection also contains information on the American Dental Assistants Association. The South Dakota Dental Assistants Association was organized in Huron in May of 1931. The first annual meeting was held in Sioux Falls May 16-18, 1932 were the organizations Constitution and Bylaws were adopted.

South Dakota Educational Association Records (H74-72) 4 volumes

Annual meeting programs and minutes, 1884-1915. The organization was founded to improve professionalism among its members and to advance school interests of the state.

South Dakota Federation of Garden Clubs (H2010-079, H2011-105) 4.25 cubic feet

The collection consists of booklets printed by various South Dakota Federation of Garden Clubs organizations in South Dakota. Town clubs in this collection include: Andover (S.D), Britton (S.D.), Colome (S.D.), Crooks (S.D.), Dell Rapids (S.D.), Highmore (S.D.), Kidder (S.D.), Langford (S.D.), Madison (S.D), Miller (S.D.), Mobridge (S.D.), Parker (S.D.), and Vermillion (S.D.). The booklets are dated to the 1950s. The booklets include member lists (local and state), events, committees, and projects. The collection consists of materials concerning the South Dakota Federation of Garden Clubs. South Dakota joined the National Council of State Garden Clubs on August 24, 1943. The club was Federated in the fall of 1944 and incorporated on June 15, 1970. According to its bylaws, the SDFGC formed, “to study and promote all aspects of the fine art of gardening, including artistic design, to further the education of the members and the public in the fields of gardening, horticulture, botany, landscape design, conserving of natural resources, all wildlife, civic beautification, public sanitation and nature studies.” The collection includes bylaws, handbooks, convention booklets, state and national directories, news clippings, club materials, club yearbooks, the “Messenger” newsletter, membership lists, and scrapbooks. A box list is provided.

South Dakota Federation of Republican Women (H2015-044) 0.1 cubic feet

The collection consists of one booklet concerning the South Dakota Federation of Republican Women from 1959-1960. The booklet includes sections on bylaws, officers, standing committees, campaign activities, program planning, membership extensions, public relations and finance.

South Dakota Girls State (H2008-026, H2010-098)

The collection consists of six (6) issues of the Sacajawea Scroll a publication at Girls’ State held at Dakota Wesleyan University in Mitchell, SD in June of 1953. A complete roster of Girls who participated in the event is found in volume 1. The publications discuss various events, individual participants, and speeches given during Girls’ State. Results for various elections are also given. The collection consists of a manual, Girls State publications titled Sacajawea Scroll, and print images of South Dakota Girls State held at Dakota Wesleyan University in Mitchell (S.D.) in 1958. The print images include Girls State councilors, officers, and participants from the week long event held in June of 1958. Included are images of Governor Joe Foss and U.S. Senator George McGovern. There are seven issues of the Sacajawea Scroll from June 8 to June 14 of 1958.

South Dakota Master Gardeners (H2009-055) Microfilm Reel

The collection consists of one 16mm microfilm reel of materials from the South Dakota Master Gardeners. The original materials were stored in a three ring binder. Master Gardeners are trained volunteers who assist the SD Cooperative Extension Service in providing yard and garden educational activities and information across the state. The microfilm reel contains various materials related to the South Dakota Master Gardeners including: bylaws, rosters, correspondence, newsletters, news clippings, forms, policies, photographs, publications, and reports. The materials in the collection date from 1985 to 2008. A .pdf of the files were run through the Digital Preservation program, October 2021.

South Dakota Parent Teachers Association (H99-218, H2004-021) 6.5 cubic ft.

Meeting minutes, pamphlets, bulletins, scrapbooks, photographs and newspaper articles; 1922-1990. The National Congress of Parents and Teachers was formed in 1897 and the South Dakota Chapter was organized in 1915.

South Dakota Press Women's Association (H2003-008) 2.0 cubic feet

Scrapbooks, publications, correspondence, minutes and photographs, 1948-1995.

South Dakota State Federation of Business and Professional Women’s Clubs Records (H97-37, H99-150, H2000-84, H2001-001,H2002-004, H2005-090, H2009-077) 6.5 cubic feet

Annual meeting proceedings, local club histories, national histories through 1960, subject files, local chapter yearbooks, photographs, copies of the by-laws and club constitution, resolutions, treasurer's records, meeting minutes, and the SDFBPW Bulletin, 1921-1997. The National Federation of BPW was formed in 1918 as the National Business Women’s Committee, and the South Dakota Federation of BPW organized in 1920.

South Dakota Sunday School Association Records (H74-119) 75 items

Minutes, annual convention programs, publications, and misc., 1875-1947. Publications include 25 issues of The Sunday School News (1917-1929) and 33 issues of Church and School (1903-1915).

South Dakota Veterinary Medical Association Auxiliary Records (H96-20) 8 linear inches

Minutes, correspondence, photographs, the group’s constitution and by-laws, annual meeting flyers, copies of SDVMA’s Vet Net Newsletter, pamphlets, certificates, and news clippings, 1960-1995. Organized in 1937, the SDVMAA sought to "promote good fellowship among the wives of licensed veterinarians and dealers in veterinary supplies and their salesmen."

South Dakota World's Fair Commission Records (H90-85) 1 item

Published minutes of the first meeting of the Board of Woman Commissioners for the World's Colombian Exposition held in Huron, December 17, 1891, are included in this small collection. Names mentioned in the article include: Mrs. J. E. Bennett, Mrs. William Duff Haynei, Mrs. George A. Silsby, Mrs. Marie J. Gaston, Mrs. L. Q. Jeffries, Mrs. A. C. Mellette, and Mrs. W. A. Burleigh.

Sprague, Ellen (Skinner) Collection - Sully County (H2015-035)

The collection consists of two handwritten stories by Ellen (Skinner) Sprague titled, “Sully County” and “Our Pioneer Days in South Dakota.” “Sully County” was a term paper written by Ellen while attending high school in 1926 and is a generally history of the county. “Our Pioneer Days in South Dakota” is Ellen’s account of her family and growing up in South Dakota written in 1977. The family came to Sully County in 1895. The account offers numerous stories of early pioneer experiences in South Dakota for the Johnson/Skinner family. The donation also includes print out images of the Johnson/Skinner family taken around 1920, images of the Skinner Ranch in Sully County and Hilda Johnson Skinner’s home in Onida in 1987. A third writing titled, “South Dakota Memories” was written by the donor and offers accounts of trips taken as a child to see her South Dakota family in 1930 and again in 1937. There are also brief accounts of later visits. The collection also includes seven black and white images of tornado damage. It is not known if the images were taken in Onida or Blunt. The images show a damaged fairground and other building damage. It is believed that the images date to the 1910s.

Starbuck, Matilda Papers (H80-8) 36 pages

Two manuscripts and papers concerning the experiences of Starbuck in the Black Hills between 1876 and 1904. "My Trip to the Black Hills, October 15, 1876" deals with her journey from Lincoln, Nebraska to Custer, South Dakota. "Don't You Remember?" relates episodes from 1876 to 1904.

Steinbach Jenkins, Marjorie (Havreberg) Collection (2011-111) Letters

The collection consists of typed and handwritten letters both written and received by Marjorie (Havreberg) Steinbach Jenkins from the 1930s to 1990s. Born at Carthage (S.D.) in 1914, Marjorie was the second daughter of Bessie (Satter) and Henry Havreberg. The family later moved to Redfield (S.D.) where Henry Havreberg began working for the Norbeck & Nicholson well drilling company headed by Peter Norbeck. In late 1935, Marjorie was offered the position of clerical assistant to Julia Blount, Senator Peter Norbeck’s private secretary. She would later work as a War Department stenographer to the military attaché at the United States embassy in Ankara, Turkey from 1944-1946. The letters and photos written to her family and friends while in Washington D.C. in 1936 and from Ankara, Turkey from 1944-1946 were used in the book, Dancing with Colonels: A Young Woman’s Adventures in Wartime Turkey, published by the South Dakota State Historical Society Press. Additional items in the collection include letters and photos by Lillian (Havreberg) Enstrom on a 1949 trip to Europe, various materials concerning Marjorie’s life after the war, unidentified photographs of Turkey, and Redfield school reunion booklets for the class of 1932 from 1982 and 1992. The materials were removed from the three ring binders and placed in acid free folders. Though removed from the binders the order of the materials was kept intact. A folder list is included.

Steuerwald, Kay Riordan Oral History Transcript (H96-28) 1 item, 27 typewritten pages

Kay Riordan was born near Kennebec, South Dakota in 1915. In 1941 she became manager of the State Game Lodge in Custer State Park. From 1951 to 1993 she was president of Mount Rushmore Mountain Company, Inc. which managed the concession at Mount Rushmore National Memorial. Included in the interview are Mrs. Steuerwald’s comments on her background, her history, and the development of the Memorial. James G. Popovich, Chief of Interpretation at Mount Rushmore Memorial, conducted this interview with Steuerwald on December 3, 1992.

Stites, Clara Papers (H88-18) 3 items, 63 pages

Three manuscripts written ca. 1950-1955 by Clara Stites of New York, New York. Stites apparently moved to South Dakota with her family sometime in the 1880s, and settled near Sioux Falls. The three manuscripts in this collection appear to be pieces of her reminiscences of her life. One manuscript is entitled "The Yesterdays and Todays of Aunt Clara." The first part of the manuscript is subtitled "My Life in South Dakota." A number of other subjects are included. The second manuscript is entitled "Canal Days" and consists of her memories of living along the Erie Canal. The third manuscript discusses the battle of Springfield, New Jersey, during the Revolutionary War.

Stoeser, Regina (Norman) Collection (H2014-027)

The collection consists of items relating to Regina (Norman) Stoeser and her family. The collection consists mainly of photographs and negatives on various Norman family topics. Photographs and negatives include images of the Kirley (S.D.) baseball team, high school images of Regina Norman, President Kennedy’s visit to Pierre in August 1962, construction of Hayes Lake which was a WPA Project, a parade in Hayes, Family Scenes, Roy Norman’s antique wagons, Gene Stoeser images and a number of images of horses. A locket with family photos is also included. Also included in the collection are a few short family histories, a Stanley County Eight Grade class roll and diploma for Regina from 1944, a song book form Kirley Hall dated 1935, an “Advanced Catechism of Catholic Faith” book dated 1929 and three chattel mortgages connected with Roy Norman as well as birthday cards, funeral leaflets, and anniversary napkins for Gene and Regina (Norman) Stoeser. The collection is an accretion to H2008-101.

Swenson, Nancy Photograph (H95-29) 1 item

Photograph of Mrs. South Dakota, United States International, 1994.


Thompson, Grace Anna Calder—Photo Album (H2004-047) 1 album

This collection consists of one photograph album. The album was created by Grace Anna Calder Thompson. Grace was born in 1903 in Aberdeen, South Dakota to George and Anna Calder. She had an older sister, Mabel and a younger brother, George. Grace’s mother was born in Sweden in 1868 and her father was born in Scotland in 1873 and they were married in 1892. They immigrated to the United States around 1894 and then arrived in South Dakota in 1895. Her father was a farmer in the Aberdeen area. George Sr. died sometime between 1905 and 1915. The 1915 South Dakota state census shows Anna as a widower and she has become a housekeeper. By the 1920 federal census, Mabel is no longer listed with the family. Anna is listed as a housekeeper and George Jr. is a Messenger for Western Union. Grace was living with her mother and younger brother in 1920, but no occupation is listed. The 1925 South Dakota state census only shows Grace and her mother Anna. By this time Grace had become a bookkeeper. Grace married Allan R. Thompson on June 5, 1926 in Aberdeen. They had a son, Frank Allen on July 6, 1928 in Aberdeen. Allan was from Missouri and he was employed as an accountant in a printing office according to the 1930 federal census. None of the family appears in the 1935 or 1945 South Dakota state census records. Frank Allen Thompson is the donors’ stepfather. The photograph album contains unidentified photographs of the Calder and Thompson families. Frank A. is shown fishing in an undated [1930s] newspaper clipping from the Aberdeen American News. The photographs have been glued and taped into the album. The photographs may be removed from the album at a later date in order to preserve them.

Tillman, Alta - Scrapbook (H2013-091) Scrapbook

The collection consists of one scrapbook concerning Alta Tillman of Flandreau (S.D.) who was president of the South Dakota Federation of Women’s Clubs in 1941. The scrapbook also includes materials on Mrs. Tillman’s presence at the national convention of the General Federation of Women’s Clubs in Washington (D.C.) in January 1942. Mrs. Tillman was president of the South Dakota chapter of the GFWC from 1941-1943. Of particular interest in the collection are a House of Representatives pass for Mrs. Tillman signed by Karl Mundt, postcards of various Washington buildings and monuments, and photographs from various conventions.

Townsend, Lydia Letter (H75-184) 1 item

Letter written July 9, 1949 to Joseph W. Jackson, Madison, Wisconsin. At 72, in response to an inquiry, Townsend discusses the overland freighting business of her father, Donald Stevenson. Operating between St. Paul, Minnesota, and Ft. Rice, 20 miles south of Bismarck, North Dakota in the 1860s and 1870s, Stevenson began with only two ox-led wagons but soon expanded, fulfilling large contracts for the US Army. Eventually he settled on a ranch near Ft. Rice, his wife and family moving to the ranch in 1873. Townsend was born on the ranch in 1876.

Townsend, Rachel Janette Collection (H2010-026) Letters

The collection consists of letters relating to the life of Rachel Janette Townsend. Rachel taught school at Elk Point in 1865. The letters offer accounts of life in the late nineteenth century in the Elk Point, Union County area of Dakota Territory up to 1871. Topics include a detailed description of the family’s trip to Elk Point, Sioux City, Yankton, school and students, grasshoppers, immigrants, religion, crops, General Sully, soldiers, Fort Dodge (IA), murders, and the town of Elk Point and its courthouse. The first seven (and earliest) letters are transcribed and included in the collection. The descriptive letters are written in an educated manner, which would be expected of a school teacher. The letters from the 1860s are signed Rachel Phillips, but the letters dated after 1870 are signed Rachel Townsend. The 1870 Federal Census lists a Rachel J Townsend in Union County, Dakota Territory. She is married to Hezekiah Townsend and many of her children (found in the census) are mentioned in the letters. At the time of her arrival in Dakota Territory, Rachel would have been 33 years of age with at least six children.

Trask, Genevieve (Babel) Collection (H84-037, H2012-096) Diaires

The collection consists of daily diaries from 1934-1977 compiled by Genevieve (Babel) Trask. Amy Genevieve Babel was born September 2 1891 at Naperville (IL) to Gideon and Hettie (Ferguson) Babel. Genevieve’s family moved to Blunt (S.D.) in 1908. She married Howard E Trask on July 11, 1917 at in 1933, the couple moved to Pierre. The diaries offer daily events in the life of Mrs. Trask. Weather reports are included with explanations of various activities, events, and businesses in and around Pierre as well as information on neighbors and friends. Mrs. Trask was also a member of St. Peter and Paul Catholic Church and many of the daily entries concern her connection with the church. She also helped with music at the church for several years. One of the diaries highlights includes Mrs. Trask’s christening of the battleship U.S.S. South Dakota on June 7, 1941 at Camden (NJ). Mr. and Mrs. Trask provided the champagne bottle, given to them as a wedding gift, used for the christening. Mrs. Trask also participated in the ribbon cutting that officially opened the new Missouri River Bridge in Pierre in 1962. A photograph of Mrs. Trask is also included and kept in the accession file. The collection is an accretion to H84-037, a scrapbook collection donated by Mrs. Trask, on the christening of the USS South Dakota. An article featuring Genevieve’s collection was published in the Spring 2018 (Vol. 48, No. 1) South Dakota History titled, “Genevieve Trask and the Double Christening of the USS South Dakota,” by Matthew T. Reitzel.

Trudell, Julia Haines Collection (H2007-057) 0.1 cubic feet

The collection consists of letters, certificates, photographs, land transactions, and estate papers for Julia (Haines) Trudell. Other documents included in the collection are Santee Alumni Association document, census sheets, genealogical information, General Land Office document, January 6, 1937 issue of the Iapi Oaye, and Department of the Interior-Office of Indian Affairs certificate. Julia married Andrew Trudell on May 25, 1921. Julia died on April 29, 1960. Also included is a copy, written in Native language, of the Wheeler-Howard Bill (S. 3645) of June 16, 1934 and a Congressional Report on a Proposed Indian Heirship Land Legislation printed in Washington in 1961. There are also three black and white photographic images: Temperance Meeting at Santee – basement of Louis Faribault Store, Julia (Haines) Trudell, and a photos of Pearl Johnson & Mary Lawrence dated 1959.


U.S.O. Servicemen’s Committee of Pierre Records (H74-60) 1 folder

Incorporation records, by-laws, lists of members, minutes of meetings, and other papers, 1942-1945. This organization was the official representative of the USO in Pierre.


Veterans of Foreign Wars Ladies Auxiliary Records (H95-23) 1 item

Bound volume, the Department of South Dakota’s hospital book, listing the contributors to the hospitalization fund.

Visser, Audrea--Poet Laureate of South Dakota (H2005-021, H2006-010) 0.5 cubic feet

The collection contains grammar and composition books of Audrae Visser, poet laureate for the State of South Dakota from 1974 to 2001. The collection contains materials held in binders that Audrae used in teaching English. The collection contains 2 of her Composition binders (5 folders) and one Grammar, Capitalization, Punctuation, and Parts of Speech binder (3 folders). There are also two grammar posters which she used for teaching (MD 2). There is also a folder of some poems and letters Audrae sent while in Mabank, TX.

Vorhees, Alice Diary (H99-018) 1 item

Alice lived near Wessington Springs and included accounts of the weather, visitors, trips to town, household chores and illness in the family; March 16th through July 13th, 1897.

Voorhees, Angeline Papers (H96-4) 5 items

1883 diary written by Voorhees, who lived near Wessington Springs, and four unidentified photographs. Diary accounts describe weather conditions, outings taken, visitors who called, and other day-to-day activities. Early entries record the illness and death of Voorhees sister, Olive.


Waggoner, Josephine Papers (H75-57 and H75-17) 15 items

"The Bells of Yates" and fourteen handwritten notebooks containing Ben Arnold’s reminiscences of life in the American West, ca. 1864-1890, written by a Lakota woman of mixed descent. Waggoner was born at Grand River Agency, DT, in 1872 to Charles McCarthy and a Hunkpapa woman of the Kiglaske band named Itatewin (Wind Woman) who later married Benjamin Monroe Connor (a.k.a. Ben Arnold). After attending Hampton Institute for six years Waggoner returned to Standing Rock to serve as an interpreter in the church at St. Elizabeth Mission near present day Wakpala. Waggoner is also noted in the Susan Bordeaux Bettelyoun Papers listed above.

Wallis, Martha (Dutton) Collection (H2010-033)

The collection consists of one bound book titled, “Recollections from the life of Martha Dutton Wallis.” The fifty-four page book (with seven pages of genealogical pedigree charts) was printed in 1966 by L. E. Wallis and his family. The main part of Martha’s reminiscence is from 1879 to1926. Martha (Dutton) Wallis was born July 18, 1872 to Chester and Susan Dutton in Gouldville, Vermont. Martha and her father came to Davison County, Dakota Territory in 1879 and homesteaded near Firesteel Creek. The book offers a narrative of homestead life in Dakota Territory and growing up in and near the Mitchell. Martha married George Wesley Wallis in 1891 and had nine children; living in a number of different towns and farms throughout South Dakota.

War Bonnet, Alice Manuscript (H94-60) 1 item

Reminiscences of the Wounded Knee Massacre and aftermath, December 1890. The manuscript is in Lakota, as told to and written down by Alice’s son, John William War Bonnet. An English translation was prepared by Vernon Ashley of Pierre.

Ward, Adelaide Collection--Diaries (H2005-078) 2.5 cubic feet

The collection consists of diaries, letters, papers, scrapbooks, and news clippings compiled by Adelaide M. Ward. Adelaide lived and worked as an educator in Provo, SD during World War II. The records span from the early 1930s to the 1980s. The collection also contains information about her friend Christine Hajek, their time spent teaching, retirement, and living at the Owl’s Nest in the Black Hills.

The Wash Rag - Women Against Sexual Harassment (H2013-108) Newsletters

The collection consists of newsletters transferred from the State Library’s collections. Including the “The Wash Rag” the publication of Women Against Sexual Harassment from October 1992 to April 1999.

W.E.B. Water Development Association Records (H95-1, H96-15) 3 cubic feet

Minutes, correspondence, news clippings, newsletters, and pamphlets, 1974-1994, collected by Mrs. A.D. (Mae) Zemlicka, one of the founders and the first executive secretary of WEB Water Development Association. She also served as Aberdeen City Finance Commissioner; assisted in organizing and was a member of the Aberdeen Citizens Water Advisory Board; an officer of the South Dakota Municipal League; vice-president of Elected Women in Municipal Government of the National League of Cities; and local and state president of the League of Women Voters.

Webster Business & Professional Women (H2006-128) 0.5 cubic feet

The collection consists of scrapbooks, convention booklets, news clippings, and photos of the Webster Business and Professional Women’s Club. The collection also includes some of the state wide events for the South Dakota Business and Professional Women.

Weeks, Isabell May Papers (H87-15) 1 folder, 58 items

Letters written by Mrs. Weeks to her parents in Michigan, 1872-1909. There are a few letters to and from other family members. The letters Weeks wrote from Yankton to her parents describe conditions and experiences of her life in Dakota Territory and South Dakota. Isabell May Weeks came to Yankton, DT, in 1872, as the bride of John A. Weeks. Mr. Weeks was a manufacturer and dealer in boots and shoes.

Welsh, Emma S. Papers (H93-22, H95-6) 16 items

Photographs, clippings, and a manuscript. The 167-page manuscript of Welsh’s memoirs titled, "We Pioneers," describing her experiences as a homesteader in Stanley County in 1902 and teaching in various South Dakota schools prior to 1902. Welsh remained in Stanley County until 1931 when she and her husband Edward moved to Madison, South Dakota. She was an original member of the Rustic Writers Club and enjoyed creative writing, publishing many of her poems. In 1995 a photograph of the Edward and Emma Welsh homestead west of Fort Pierre, South Dakota, ca. 1905, was added to the collection.

Westerhuis, Ruth Collection (H2010-060)

The collection consists of various materials collected by Ruth Westerhuis. These materials include a Western Union Telegram sent by Ruth’s mother on December 14, 1944 informing her that her father had died. An obituary of her father is included. Also included in the collection are two scrapbook pages of materials from when Ruth attended Huron College with some materials dated to 1938 and 1939. There are also three copies of the Huron College Publication the Huron Alphomega dated September 15, 1938, September 29, 1938, and October 6, 1938. The scrapbook pages included poetry and some items of particular interest including a “Spiritual Emphasis Week-Huron College,” card and two score cards for two football teams which include player lineups.

White, Dorothy Manuscript (H75-122) 1 item, 6 pages

Undated manuscript entitled, "Pioneer Days in Oelrichs, South Dakota" describing ranching and homesteading in the Oelrichs area by the granddaughter of John White, who settled in the area in 1890. White offers a sketch of ranching operations, the effects of the blizzard of 1888, a mock battle of Indians for a 4th of July celebration, and of the early and brief conflict between homesteaders and ranchers.

Whitney, Abbie Collection (H2014-057) Photo Albums

The collection consists of two photo albums from the collections of Abbie F. Whitney. Miss Whitney was a secretary for the South Dakota Game and Fish Commission from the late 1920s to 1941. She started as a stenographer to the game warden and was deputy game warden from 1915-1927. She worked with the department for 29 years. The images in the two scrapbooks date to the late 1910s and early 1920s and are mostly images from the Black Hills area. Images include the Needles Highway, Custer State Park (S.D.) and the Game Lodge, Wind Cave National Park, Rapid Canyon (S.D.), the Summer White House, Squaw Creek, Harney Peak and Norbeck Cottages. Non-Black Hills images include the South Dakota State Capitol (Pierre, S.D.), Rosebud Indian Reservation (S.D.), fish hatcheries, road construction camps and the South Dakota State Fair (Huron, S.D.). Also include are animals such as American Bison/Buffalo, Elk and Antelope.

Wilhelm, Mary (Koch) Collection (H2006-010) 1.5 cubic feet/Digital Media

The collection consists of diaries, journals, calendars, and notes taken during the life of Mary (Koch) Wilhelm. The materials run from the 1920s to the 1980s. Some of the diary entries are in journal form, others are written within calendar date boxes. Topics in the diaries include: ranching, Custer County, Rapid City (S.D.), and family history. An attempt has been made to put the materials in as close to chronological order as possible. Content materials were also stored in individual polypropylene sleeves. These materials were removed from the sleeves with the contents kept together in individual acid free folders. In addition, any sleeves with individual sheets of paper were left in the sleeve and placed collectively in an acid-free folder. There were also 5 floppy disks with transcripts from the diaries. The contents of the disk were also burned onto a CD and added to the collection. Digital items were processed in accordance with the Archives’ Digital Preservation Rules.

Willhite, Nellie Zabel Collection (H2014-022)

The collection consists of an oral history video interview from May 1985, images and research material on Nellie Zabel Willhite. Nellie Zabel was born in 1892 near Box Elder (S.D.). At age four she contracted measles resulting in the loss of her ability to hear. While a child, Nellie attended the South Dakota School for the Deaf in Sioux Falls (S.D.). She saw her first airplane in 1911 and took her first ride in 1919. She started flying lessons through the Dakota Airlines flying school in November of 1927. By 1929, Nellie was one of a little over 100 licensed female pilots in the world. She was the first deaf person to earn a pilot’s license. Nellie began barnstorming in the late 1920s and started to garner celebrity status as a female pilot in South Dakota. In October of 1933 Nellie taught a WPA Adult Education course on “Ground Aviation” and received an aviation Transport Rating. She was also an integral part of forming female aviation groups in South Dakota over several decades. Nellie kept her pilot’s license current up to the 1960s. Nellie died on September 2, 1991 at age 98 and is buried in Yankton. The interview, held on May 26, 1985, was held in Sioux Falls with Nellie Zabel Willhite being interviewed by Norma Hellmann with L.A. Kraemer filming the interview. The interview highlights Nellie’s life and experiences with aviation. The research materials include write-ups, scans, PowerPoints and images of various scenes mostly of Nellie and aviation.

Williams, Anna E. Papers (H75-144) 4 items

A short biographical sketch of Ann Williams, a photograph taken of her in 1936 when she was 77 years old, and two photographs of her marriage certificate signed by Preacher Smith. The marriage of Miss Anna Card, then 16, and Edward Williams in 1876 was conducted in Deadwood by Preacher Henry Weston Smith. Edward Williams was a teamster and lumberjack from Laramie, Wyoming, and his wife was from Colorado. In 1881 the Williams moved to Miles City, where Mrs. Williams was a resident as late as 1936. Her husband died in 1907 in British Columbia.

Willy, Margaret and Milo Letter (H75-354) 1 item, 7 pages

Letter written June 8 and 11, 1888. The Willys were residents of Appomattox, Potter County, Dakota Territory. Margaret Willy taught school and her husband apparently practiced medicine. Their letter, addressed to William Spencer of Davidson, Potter County, deals with crops and gardens, county elections, and the band of Potter County politicos known as the "Gettysburg Ring."

Wilmart, Addie M. Photographs (H88-101) 21 items

Photographs of Pierre in the 1930s. Included are photographs of Mrs. Hyde, Mrs. Karcher, Mrs. Schubert, Alice Gerlach, Viola Maulding, and Mrs. Holden, wife of the Baptist minister.

Wilson, Irene Cushman Diary (H76-22) 19 items

Copies of various programs, clippings, and diary transcripts (111 typewritten pages) written 1890-1891, 1893, and 1908. Cushman’s family settled in Deadwood in 1878. She was a member of the first graduating class of Deadwood High School in 1886. In 1890 she married Albert D. Wilson. Diary entries detail Irene’s social activities.

Woman Suffrage Movement Papers (H74-16) 1 cubic foot

Letters, minutes, publications, misc. items, 1889-1925. These items were donated at various times by various people. Many of the papers come from the files of the South Dakota Universal Franchise League, and equal suffrage clubs in Pierre and Fort Pierre. Much of the correspondence is to or from Mrs. Ruth B. Hipple, one of the officers of the SDUFL, and editor of The South Dakota Messenger, an equal suffrage newspaper.

Woman's Christian Temperance Union Records (H92-128, H90-122, H90-7 through H90-12, H95-46, H96-9, H99-020, H2005-059, H2009-036, H2010-047, H2012-075) 12 cubic feet/1.59 GB

Records of the SDWCTU historian, 1890-1991, including: histories of the World, National, State, and Local levels; newspaper clippings; regional district WCTU organizational, financial, and membership records; songbooks and sheet music; speeches; publications; and annual convention reports. Also includes records of the Prairie City, South Dakota treasurer, 1960-1986 and minutes of the Rapid City WCTU, 1891-1906.

Woman’s Relief Corps. Department of South Dakota Records (H74-15, H74-30, H74-45, H2006-129) 5 1/2 cubic feet

Minutes, ledgers, cash books, receipts, requisitions, letters, 1884-1927. An affiliate of the Grand Army of the Republic, a civil war veterans organization. The Lake Madison Veteran Association Ledger, 1887-1916, includes a list of WRC members who attended an annual encampment. The GAR collection also contains information about the WRCDSD.

Women Accepted in Volunteer Emergency Service, US Navy Photographs (H88-94) 10 items

Photographs of 1st WAVES reunion at San Francisco, California, 1948.

Women’s Clubs Yearbooks (SC 31) 29 items

Yearbooks from women's clubs in various South Dakota towns, 1908-1909, 1944-1956. Included are Big Stone City Round Table Club, Blunt Tuesday Club, Canton Woman’s Study Club, Chamberlain Travelers Club, DeSmet Woman’s Study Club, Deadwood Round Table Club, Draper Woman’s Club, Edgemont Study Club and Thursday Study Club, Faulkton Study Club, Gettysburg Woman’s Literary Club, Hot Springs Traveler’s Club, Irene Civic Club, Kennebec Woman’s Welfare Club, Letcher Civic Study Club, Milbank Makocha Study Club, Mobridge Arts and Travel Club, Sturgis Woman’s Literary Club, Vermillion Nautilus Club, Music Club, and Faculty Woman’s Club of the University of South Dakota, Wagner Woman’s Club, and the Wakonda Monday Club. The yearbooks contain lists of officers, members, committees, and other details about the groups.

Woonsocket Area China Painters Club Records (H99-143) 0.5 cubic feet

The club was organized in 1979 in Woonsocket by those interested in the art of china painting. The collection includes the club charter, program schedules and officers, newspaper clippings, memorials and photographs; 1979-1999.

Wright, Ethel May Collection (H2007-028, H2008-027, H2008-074) 0.75 cubic feet/ 68 MB

The collection consists of genealogy, letters, autograph albums, sketches, photos, and a diary of Ethel May Wright. Ethel was born in Bowdle, SD on February 12, 1896 to Richard and Anne (Olson) Wright. The collection also includes the original handwritten memoir of the life of Ethel May Wright. A typed version (and digital version) of the memoir is in collection H2007-028. Other items in the collection include: Ethel’s autograph album, an autograph album of Ethel’s mother (Anna Mary Olson) with names of people who lived in South Dakota in the 1880s with some names written in Norwegian, various letters written to Ethel containing details of everyday life in South Dakota in the nineteenth century, a sketch by Anna Olson done in 1895, Ethel’s sketch of “Uncle Albert’s” home, Ethel’s diary during her time in Mobridge when she was with the Helpful Circle Club – 1910-1913, greeting cards, obituaries, death notice card, a “Bridal Souvenir” book from the wedding of Richard and Anna Wright – 1895, Land Office certificates for Aanon Olson and Mary Olson, and photographs of family members and the Mobridge area. The red “Marshal” ribbon will be offered to the museum of the State Historical Society for their consideration.

Wuillemin, Jeanne L. Letter (H75-356) 1 item, 13 typewritten pages

Wuillemin recounts a homesteading trip which she and others made to Stanley County, South Dakota, in June 1906. The letter deals with such subjects as claim surveying, social life in Pierre, Hayes, and Manila, South Dakota, and railroad travel between Elgin, Illinois, and Pierre, South Dakota.

Wyman, Walker D. Frontier Woman Manuscript (H82-4) 1 item

The first draft of Wyman's book, "Frontier Woman: The Life of a Woman Homesteader on the Dakota Frontier, Retold from the Original Notes and Letters of Grace Fairchild, a Wisconsin Teacher Who Went to South Dakota in 1898," published by the University of Wisconsin-River Falls Press in 1972. The manuscript is heavily marked with editorial notes.


No entries.


Yankton Woman's Club Collection (H2011-052)

The collection consists of three booklets from the Yankton Woman’s Club (Yankton, S.D.). Three Yankton Woman’s Club booklets are from 1930-1933. The club organized in 1895 and became federated in 1912. Information found in the booklets includes: club colors, motto and pledges, ex-presidents, officers, committees, monthly events, membership lists, Constitution, and Bylaws.

Yankton Woman's Club Collection (H2011-052)

The collection consists of three booklets from the Yankton Woman’s Club (Yankton, S.D.). Three Yankton Woman’s Club booklets are from 1930-1933. The club organized in 1895 and became federated in 1912. Information found in the booklets includes: club colors, motto and pledges, ex-presidents, officers, committees, monthly events, membership lists, Constitution, and Bylaws.

Yoeman, Myrtle Letter (H75-84) 1 item

Letter to Grace H. Carpenter, June 24, 1905. In this typescript copy of the original letter, Yoeman offers a brief description of homesteading in Lyman County, discussing the coming of the railroad, the character of settlers, and the price of land.

Yokley, Annie L. Papers (H71-1) 2/3 cubic foot

Most of this material was collected by Mrs. Yokley during research for her book, Grass and Water, published by State Publishing Company, Pierre, ca. 1955. The book is a compilation of biographical sketches of pioneer South Dakota ranchers.

Young, Eugene Miner Papers (H90-114, H94-65, H96-44) 10 cubic feet

Letters and photographs (1880s-1980s) of a family who farmed near McLaughlin (1917) on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation and later in Sully County. While the bulk of this collection relates to farming and other business ventures, there are a significant amount of letters documenting the family’s relationship with Young’s stepmother Carrie as well as genealogical material related to Mrs. Young’s (Ida Ingvaldson) family. Young’s daughter Carol married Dennis Anderson, and her papers are listed above.

Your Neighbor Lady - Booklet (H2014-018)

The collection consists of fourteen annual booklets of the “Your Neighbor Lady” WNAX radio show dating from the 1940s to 1960s. Wynn Speece was the WNAX Neighbor Lady since the shows beginning in 1941. Speece was known for more than six decades as “The Neighbor Lady,” and shared recipes, household tips and personal anecdotes with radio listeners. The booklets were printed annually and mostly include recipes from listeners but also feature images of Speece and her family as well as images of those who submitted recipes to WNAX. In addition, the collection includes a booklet of “Favorite Recipes of Opal Peterson.” The booklet includes photocopies of recipe cards used by Opal Peterson Other donated recipe booklets were added to the Vertical File collection under “recipes.” Other items were returned to the donor.


Zenor, Miss Diary (H86-23) 1 item

Diary kept by Fort Pierre area homesteader, 1909-1910, detailing daily activities.

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